Sylvie Armand

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The plant enzyme hevamine has both chitinase and lysozyme activity. HPLC analysis of the products of the hydrolysis of chitopentaose shows that hevamine acts with retention of the configuration, despite the absence of a nucleophilic or stabilizing carboxylate. To analyze the stabilization of a putative oxocarbonium ion intermediate, the X-ray structure of(More)
The sensitivities of the Xpert MTB/RIF test and an in-house IS6110-based real-time PCR using TaqMan probes (IS6110-TaqMan assay) for the detection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex (MTBC) DNA were compared by use of 117 clinical specimens (97 culture positive and 20 culture negative for MTBC) that were frozen in sediment. The 97 clinical specimens(More)
The specificity of chitinase C-1 of Streptomyces griseus HUT 6037 for the hydrolysis of the beta-1,4-glycosidic linkages in partially acetylated chitosan is different from that of other microbial chitinases. In order to study the primary structure of this unique chitinase, the chiC gene specifying chitinase C-1 was cloned and its nucleotide sequence was(More)
A 5' nuclease PCR assay for detection of the Yersinia pestis plasminogen activator (pla) gene in human respiratory specimens with simulated Y. pestis infection was developed. An internal positive control was added to the reaction mixture in order to detect the presence of PCR inhibitors that are often found in biological samples. The assay was 100% specific(More)
Real-time PCR was compared to Amplified Mycobacterium tuberculosis Direct Test (AMTDII) for 100 clinical specimens. The overall sensitivities of the real-time PCR method and AMTDII were similar for respiratory and nonrespiratory specimens. However, real-time PCR seemed to be less susceptible to amplification inhibitors than AMTDII.
Polygalacturonases specifically hydrolyze polygalacturonate, a major constituent of plant cell wall pectin. To understand the catalytic mechanism and substrate and product specificity of these enzymes, we have solved the x-ray structure of endopolygalacturonase II of Aspergillus niger and we have carried out site-directed mutagenesis studies. The enzyme(More)
Strictly conserved charged residues among polygalacturonases (Asp-180, Asp-201, Asp-202, His-223, Arg-256, and Lys-258) were subjected to site-directed mutagenesis in Aspergillus niger endopolygalacturonase II. Specific activity, product progression, and kinetic parameters (K(m) and V(max)) were determined on polygalacturonic acid for the purified mutated(More)
Bacterial, fungal, animal, and some plant chitinases form family 18 of glycosyl hydrolases. Most plant chitinases form the family 19. While some chitinases also have lysozyme activity, animal lysozymes belong to different families. For glycosyl hydrolases, two reaction mechanisms are possible, leading to either retention or inversion of the anomeric(More)
Chitinases A1 and D were purified from the periplasmic proteins produced by Escherichia coli HB101 harbouring recombinant plasmids carrying respectively the chiA and chiD genes of Bacillus circulans WL-12. HPLC analysis indicated that during the hydrolysis of chitotriose, both chitinases initially produce N-acetylglucosamine and only one anomer of(More)
The stereochemistry of the reaction catalysed by Serratia marcescens chitobiase was determined by HPLC separation of the anomers of N-acetylglucosamine produced during the hydrolysis of p-nitrophenyl N-acetyl-beta-d-glucosaminide (PNP-GlcNAc). In the early stages of the reaction, the beta-anomer was found to prevail, whereas the alpha-anomer dominated at(More)