Sylvianne Rottiers

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OBJECTIVES Surveillance of hospital-acquired methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (HA-MRSA) infections has shown the emergence and spread of several epidemic MRSA clones over the past 10 years in Belgium. Whether these clones have been imported from abroad or else have arisen locally via staphylococcal cassette chromosome mec (SCCmec) acquisition by(More)
A triplex PCR targeting the 16S rRNA, mecA, and nuc genes was developed for identification of staphylococci and detection of methicillin resistance. After validation of the assay with a collection of strains of staphylococci and enterococci (n = 169), the assay was evaluated with cultures of blood with gram-positive cocci from 40 patients. Accurate results(More)
Staphylococcus argenteus is a novel Staphylococcus species closely related to Staphylococcus aureus that has been recently described. In this study, we investigated the proportion and the characteristics of S. argenteus recovered from humans in Belgium. S. aureus. human isolates collected in Belgium from 2006 to 2015 (n = 1,903) were retrospectively(More)
OBJECTIVES To compare the performance of the automated Vitek 2 system, the disc diffusion method and a home-made mupirocin screen agar (MSA) to detect mupirocin resistance in methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) isolates. METHODS A total of 125 MRSA isolates were tested. The level of mupirocin resistance was determined by agar dilution and(More)
OBJECTIVES It is common wisdom that persistent carriage of Staphylococcus aureus is more frequent in young children than in adults. The objectives of this study were to assess the S. aureus temporal carriage pattern among a healthy community of pre-school children, with concomitant description of genotype diversity, toxin-encoding genes and antibiotic(More)
Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) strains (n = 455) collected in 2001 from 100 Belgian hospitals were characterized by molecular typing and by resistance gene distribution to macrolides-lincosamides-streptogramins and to aminoglycoside antibiotics. Rapid diversification of MRSA clones, compared with results of previous surveys, was(More)
A novel real-time PCR (RT-PCR) assay was developed for detection of Bordetella pertussis in respiratory specimens by targeting the pertactin gene. In vitro evaluation with reference strains and quality control samples showed analytical sensitivity equivalent to and specificity superior to those of PCR assays which target the IS481 element. The(More)
National surveillance of healthcare-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (HA-MRSA) isolates by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) typing allowed identification of rarely occurring 'sporadic' isolates with patterns significantly distinct from those of major epidemic clones of methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) circulating in(More)
The development of DNA amplification for the direct detection of M. tuberculosis from clinical samples has been a major goal of clinical microbiology during the last ten years. However, the limited sensitivity of most DNA amplification techniques restricts their use to smear positive samples. On the other hand, the development of automated liquid culture(More)
The Vitek 2 system was assessed against reference methods with 197 methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus from Belgian hospitals and 121 clinically significant blood culture isolates of Staphylococcus spp. Vitek 2 identified 95% of staphylococcal isolates correctly, detected oxacillin resistance with a sensitivity/specificity of 99/96%, and showed(More)
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