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BACKGROUND The study was designed to compare cognitive therapy (CT) with intensive behavior therapy (BT) in obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and to study their change process. METHODS Sixty-five outpatients with DSM-4 OCD were randomized into 2 groups for 16 weeks of individual treatment in 3 centers. Group 1 received 20 sessions of CT. Group 2(More)
OBJECTIVE To analyze the relationship between marital status and risk of AD or dementia. METHODS This study was carried out from the Personnes Agées QUID (PAQUID) cohort, an epidemiologic study on normal and pathologic aging after age 65 years. The PAQUID cohort began in 1988. Individuals were followed up at 1, 3, and 5 years, with an active detection of(More)
Several recent studies have provided substantial support for the proposal that a decrease in inhibitory processing may play an important role in cognitive changes occurring in the early stages of Dementia of the Alzheimer Type (DAT). The question addressed by the present study was whether these deficits are the result of the failure of a general inhibitory(More)
BACKGROUND In sub-Saharan Africa, various bacterial diseases occur before pneumocystosis or toxoplasmosis in the course of HIV-1 infection, and are major causes of morbidity and mortality. We did a randomised, double blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial at community-health centres in Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire, to assess the efficacy of(More)
Alcoholism is a possible cause of dementia, mainly through associated nutritional deficiencies and, rarely, through acute direct toxicity. However alcohol consumption was not found to be a risk factor in previous epidemiologic studies. We prospectively studied 3,777 community residents aged 65 and over, in the districts of Gironde and Dordogne. Average(More)
To investigate the contribution of inhibitory deficits in the deterioration of executive function abilities in Alzheimer's disease (AD), a modified version of the Stroop test was submitted to 44 AD patients and 44 elderly controls. Half of the subjects performed successively the Interference Stroop task, the two control tasks and the Reverse Stroop task,(More)
OBJECTIVES To examine the association between self assessed driving while sleepy and the risk of serious road traffic accidents (RTAs). DESIGN Prospective cohort study. SETTING France. PARTICIPANTS 13 299 of the 19 894 living members of the GAZEL cohort, workers and recent retirees of a French national utility company followed up since 1989. MAIN(More)
Age-related cognitive decline has been reported by several studies. However, little investigations have dealt with the effect of education on this decline. In the present study, we examined the influence of educational level on visual working memory, evaluated by the Benton Visual Retention Test (BVRT in recognition format) in 829 elderly participants of(More)
The complexity of driving activity has incited numerous developed countries to initiate evaluative procedures in elderly people, varying according to first evaluation age, frequency, and screening tools. The objective of this paper is to improve the knowledge of the driving cessation process regarding factors associated with crash involvement. Driving(More)
Several studies have reported low performances of patients with dementia of the Alzheimer Type (DAT) on the Trial Making Test (TMT), however, these studies were not designed to identify specific operations underlying this impairment. To better understand the attentional disorder in DAT, we analyzed the performances of patients with DAT and matched elderly(More)