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Biomarkers indicating biological age are of significant interest for prevention, diagnosis and monitoring (and the treatment) of age-related diseases. We previously reported an alteration of serum N-glycan profile in old humans using "DNA Sequencer Adapted-Fluorophore Assisted Carbohydrate Electrophoresis" (DSA-FACE). To validate the shift in serum N-glycan(More)
We developed a high-throughput functional genomic screening system that allows identification of genes prolonging life-span in the baker's yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. The method is based on isolating yeast mother cells with extended number of cell divisions as indicated by the increased number of bud scars on their surface. Fluorescently labelled Wheat(More)
Ferritin is one of the major eukaryotic proteins involved in regulating iron metabolism and maintaining iron homeostasis. However, Saccaromyces cerevisiae is an exception, possessing no ferritin and using other means to store excess iron. The only potential iron storage protein identified in yeast so far is the homologue of human frataxin (YFH1p). In this(More)
BACKGROUND Glycosylation, i.e the enzymatic addition of oligosaccharides (or glycans) to proteins and lipids, known as glycosylation, is one of the most common co-/posttranslational modifications of proteins. Many important biological roles of glycoproteins are modulated by N-linked oligosaccharides. As glucose levels can affect the pathways leading to(More)
Glycosylation is an essential post-translational modification, which determines the function of proteins and important processes such as inflammation. β-1,4-galactosyltransferase I (βGalT1) is a key enzyme involved in the addition of galactose moieties to glycoproteins. Intestinal mucins are glycoproteins that protect the gut barrier against invading(More)
BACKGROUND There is a demand for serum markers for the routine assessment of the progression of liver cancer. We previously found that serum N-linked sugar chains are altered in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Here, we studied glycomic alterations during development of HCC in a rat model. RESULTS Rat HCC was induced by the hepatocarcinogen,(More)
Purpose: Alteration of liver function during progression of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and cirrhosis affects the serum glycoprotein pattern. In this study, the changes in the N-glycome in liver tissue from patients with hepatocellular carcinoma and cirrhosis caused by hepatitis B virus infection were investigated to find out the relationship between(More)
BACKGROUND Silent brain infarcts (SBIs) are highly prevalent in the aged population and relate to the occurrence of further stroke and dementia. Serum N-glycome levels have been previously associated with aging and they might be related as well to the presence of SBIs and age-related white matter hyperintensities. METHODS AND RESULTS We determined the(More)
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