Sylvia Speller

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A DNA vaccine against the hepatitis B virus (HBV) was evaluated for safety and induction of immune responses in 12 healthy, hepatitis-naïve human volunteers using the needle-free PowderJect system to deliver gold particles coated with DNA directly into cells of the skin. Three groups of four volunteers received three administrations of DNA encoding the(More)
Human memory T lymphocytes have recently been re-defined as central or effector memory cells (Sallusto, F., Lenig, D., Forster, R., Lipp, M. and Lanzavecchia, A., Nature 1999. 401: 708-712). Effector memory cells (T(em)) are targeted to the peripheral tissues and show rapid effector function in response to antigenic stimulation. Central memory (T(cm)) cells(More)
The differences in morphological behaviour between fibroblasts cultured on smooth and nanogrooved substrata (groove depth: 5-350 nm, width: 20-1000 nm) have been evaluated in vitro. The aim of the study was to clarify to what extent cell guidance occurs on increasingly smaller topographies. Pattern templates were made using electron beam lithography, and(More)
The activated leukocyte cell adhesion molecule (ALCAM) mediates dynamic homotypic and heterotypic cellular interactions. Whereas homotypic ALCAM-ALCAM interactions have been implicated in the development and maintenance of tissue architecture and tumor progression, heterotypic ALCAM-CD6 interactions act to initiate and stabilize T-cell-dendritic-cell(More)
The use of bottom-up approaches to construct patterned surfaces for technological applications is appealing, but to date is applicable to only relatively small areas (approximately 10 square micrometers). We constructed highly periodic patterns at macroscopic length scales, in the range of square millimeters, by combining self-assembly of disk-like(More)
Many chemical reactions are catalysed by metal complexes, and insight into their mechanisms is essential for the design of future catalysts. A variety of conventional spectroscopic techniques are available for the study of reaction mechanisms at the ensemble level, and, only recently, fluorescence microscopy techniques have been applied to monitor single(More)
Single-molecule force spectroscopy studies performed by Atomic Force Microscopes (AFMs) strongly rely on accurately determined cantilever spring constants. Hence, to calibrate cantilevers, a reliable calibration protocol is essential. Although the thermal noise method and the direct Sader method are frequently used for cantilever calibration, there is no(More)
Manganese porphyrins have been extensively investigated as model systems for the natural enzyme cytochrome P450 and as synthetic oxidation catalysts. Here, we report single-molecule studies of the multistep reaction of manganese porphyrins with molecular oxygen at a solid/liquid interface, using a scanning tunnelling microscope (STM) under environmental(More)
Liquid tapping atomic force microscopy was used to study the nonspecific adsorption of horse spleen ferritin at a bare gold surface at single molecule resolution. The majority of ferritin molecules adsorbed irreversible on gold surfaces in accordance with the random sequential adsorption (RSA) mechanism frequently used to describe irreversible adsorption(More)
Interaction of the physically adsorbed molecular hydrogen with a breaking gold nanowire results in additional stable atomic configurations in few atom contacts and appearance of fractional peaks in the conductance histogram. This effect is explained by peculiar dynamic evolution of the hydrogen-embedded nanoconstriction due to competition between tensile(More)