Sylvia Speller

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Fourteen neutralizing monoclonal antibodies recognizing human rhinovirus (HRV) type 2 have been used to select a total of 51 virus escape mutants. Cross-resistance analysis of the mutants, together with RNA sequencing and identification of amino acid substitutions, have revealed three neutralization sites on the virus surface. Two of these appear to(More)
A DNA vaccine against the hepatitis B virus (HBV) was evaluated for safety and induction of immune responses in 12 healthy, hepatitis-naïve human volunteers using the needle-free PowderJect system to deliver gold particles coated with DNA directly into cells of the skin. Three groups of four volunteers received three administrations of DNA encoding the(More)
The differences in morphological behaviour between fibroblasts cultured on smooth and nanogrooved substrata (groove depth: 5-350 nm, width: 20-1000 nm) have been evaluated in vitro. The aim of the study was to clarify to what extent cell guidance occurs on increasingly smaller topographies. Pattern templates were made using electron beam lithography, and(More)
Human memory T lymphocytes have recently been re-defined as central or effector memory cells (Sallusto, F., Lenig, D., Forster, R., Lipp, M. and Lanzavecchia, A., Nature 1999. 401: 708-712). Effector memory cells (T(em)) are targeted to the peripheral tissues and show rapid effector function in response to antigenic stimulation. Central memory (T(cm)) cells(More)
Synthetic peptides representing amino acids 156 to 170 of virus capsid protein VP2 from human rhinovirus (HRV) type 2 have previously been used to elicit a neutralizing antibody response; polyclonal antisera against this peptide have been compared with a virus-neutralizing monoclonal antibody (8F5) which recognizes the same linear sequence. The neutralizing(More)
A total of 38 neutralization escape mutant viruses have been selected from a cloned stock of human rhinovirus serotype 2 (HRV-2), using either of two monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) which recognize overlapping epitopes as judged by competition binding. The mutant viruses were analysed for their sensitivity to a panel of antiviral MAbs by antibody binding and(More)
The activated leukocyte cell adhesion molecule (ALCAM) mediates dynamic homotypic and heterotypic cellular interactions. Whereas homotypic ALCAM-ALCAM interactions have been implicated in the development and maintenance of tissue architecture and tumor progression, heterotypic ALCAM-CD6 interactions act to initiate and stabilize T-cell-dendritic-cell(More)
The use of bottom-up approaches to construct patterned surfaces for technological applications is appealing, but to date is applicable to only relatively small areas (approximately 10 square micrometers). We constructed highly periodic patterns at macroscopic length scales, in the range of square millimeters, by combining self-assembly of disk-like(More)
Single-molecule force spectroscopy studies performed by Atomic Force Microscopes (AFMs) strongly rely on accurately determined cantilever spring constants. Hence, to calibrate cantilevers, a reliable calibration protocol is essential. Although the thermal noise method and the direct Sader method are frequently used for cantilever calibration, there is no(More)
Many chemical reactions are catalysed by metal complexes, and insight into their mechanisms is essential for the design of future catalysts. A variety of conventional spectroscopic techniques are available for the study of reaction mechanisms at the ensemble level, and, only recently, fluorescence microscopy techniques have been applied to monitor single(More)