Sylvia Rabstein

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The polygenic concept of breast cancer susceptibility calls for the identification of genetic variants that contribute to breast cancer risk. Reduced DNA repair proficiencies in women with breast cancer pointed to a possible role of DNA repair enzymes in the risk to develop the disease. The nucleotide excision repair enzyme encoded by the excision repair(More)
BACKGROUND German studies of high exposure prevalence have been debated on the renal carcinogenicity of trichloroethylene (TRI). METHODS A consecutive hospital-based case-control study with 134 renal cell cancer (RCC) cases and 401 controls was conducted to reevaluate the risk of TRI in this region which were estimated in a previous study. Exposure was(More)
OBJECTIVES Some epidemiological and animal data indicate that night work might increase the risk for breast cancer. We have investigated the risk in a German population-based case-control study known as GENICA (gene environment interaction and breast cancer). METHODS The GENICA study involved interviews to assess shift work information in 857 breast(More)
Polymorphisms within the estrogen metabolic pathway are prime candidates for a possible association with breast cancer risk. We investigated 11 genes encoding key proteins of this pathway for their potential contribution to breast cancer risk. Of these CYP17A1, CYP19A1, EPHX1, HSD17B1, SRD5A2, and PPARG2 participate in biosynthesis, CYP1A1, CYP1B1, COMT,(More)
Cytochrome P450 2C19 (CYP2C19) plays an important role in the metabolism of xenobiotics and drugs and contributes to the catabolism of endogenous substrates like estradiol. Genetic variability impacts expression and activity of CYP2C19 and therefore can influence catabolism of estrogens. In the present study we analyzed the association of three(More)
Objectives: Hormone-replacement therapy (HRT) is an established risk factor for breast cancer. HRT users are different from non-users with respect to socio-economic and other characteristics. There may be women where the HRT-related risk could be modulated by other factors. Methods: We conducted a population-based case–control study with 688 breast cancer(More)
Iron overload has been noticed as a feature of human breast cancer. Cellular iron uptake is regulated by the hemochromatosis and transferrin receptor system, mutations of which cause the iron storage disease hereditary hemochromatosis. To understand the role of hemochromatosis and transferrin receptor system mutations in breast cancer, we analyzed 19(More)
The potential to metabolize endogenous and exogenous substances may influence breast cancer development and tumor growth. Therefore, the authors investigated the protein expression of Glutathione S-transferase (GST) isoforms and cytochrome P450 (CYP) known to be involved in the metabolism of steroid hormones and endogenous as well as exogenous carcinogens(More)
The role of N-acetyltransferase 2 (NAT2) polymorphism in breast cancer is still unclear. We explored the associations between potential sources of exposure to aromatic and heterocyclic amines (AHA), acetylation status and receptor-defined breast cancer in 1020 incident cases and 1047 population controls of the German GENICA study. Acetylation status was(More)