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Pancreatic stellate cells mediate fibrosis in chronic pancreatitis. Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases (TIMPs)-1 and -2 are crucial modulators of fibrosis. Transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) is a key regulator of extracellular matrix production and myofibroblast proliferation. We have examined MMP and TIMP(More)
BACKGROUND Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) play a crucial role in wound healing of the skin, airways, and cornea, but data on MMPs in normal intestinal wound healing is limited. The aim of this study was to clarify the role of collagenase-1 (MMP-1), matrilysin-1 (MMP-7), and stromelysin-2 (MMP-10) in intestinal wound repair and to determine the effect of(More)
BACKGROUND Antigen-specific responses can be detected in umbilical cord blood mononuclear cells. The fetal immune system must therefore attain a level of maturity compatible with the initiation of such responses as well as be exposed to antigen. OBJECTIVE We sought to assess the expression of costimulatory molecules in fetal gut and the presence of(More)
Activated lamina propria T cells responding to luminal Ags are thought to be important in celiac disease and Crohn's disease, and T cells responding to foreign MHC products are also important in intestinal graft-vs-host disease and intestinal transplant rejection. However, the mechanism(s) by which T cells mediate damage in the gut is not known. We have(More)
BACKGROUND Degradation of the extracellular matrix and ulceration of the mucosa are major features of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). One of the most important enzymes in degrading the matrix and produced in excess by cytokine activated stromal cells, is stromelysin-1. The activity of stromelysin-1 is controlled by tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase(More)
Elevated cytokines, especially TNF-alpha, have been implicated in the pathogenesis of necrotising enterocolitis (NEC). We have previously shown that TNF-alpha drives the production of matrix degrading enzymes, the matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), in the gut wall. In this study we have therefore investigated the role of MMPs in the pathogenesis of NEC in(More)
BACKGROUND Proteoglycans, consisting of glycosaminoglycan (GAG) side chains covalently linked to a protein core, are a major component of the extracellular matrix of the intestinal lamina propria. AIMS This study investigated the effects of lamina propria T cell activation on the proteoglycan component of the matrix. METHODS The high degree of(More)
The ability of interferon (IFN)-alpha to induce autoimmunity and exacerbate Th1 diseases is well known. We have recently described enhanced expression of IFN-alpha in the mucosa of patients with celiac disease (CD), a gluten-sensitive Th1-mediated enteropathy, characterized by villous atrophy and crypt cell hyperplasia. Previous studies from this laboratory(More)
Anti-TNF-alpha Ab therapy has been shown to be of benefit in the treatment of active Crohn's disease, but the tissue-injuring processes in the gut mediated by TNF-alpha that might be inhibited by neutralizing Ab are unknown. In this work, we have used a p55 TNF receptor-human IgG fusion protein (TNFR-IgG) to prevent the severe mucosal injury that ensues(More)