Sylvia Kocialkowski

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We screened exon 4 of the gene isocitrate dehydrogenase 1 (NADP+), soluble (IDH1) for mutations in 596 primary intracranial tumors of all major types. Codon 132 mutation was seen in 54% of astrocytomas and 65% of oligodendroglial tumors but in only 6% of glioblastomas (3% of primary and 50% of secondary glioblastomas). There were no mutations in any other(More)
Brain tumors are the most common solid tumors of childhood, and pilocytic astrocytomas (PA) are the most common central nervous system tumor in 5 to 19 year olds. Little is known about the genetic alterations underlying their development. Here, we describe a tandem duplication of approximately 2 Mb at 7q34 occurring in 66% of PAs. This rearrangement, which(More)
Pilocytic astrocytomas (PAs), WHO malignancy grade I, are the most frequently occurring central nervous system tumour in 5- to 19-year-olds. Recent reports have highlighted the importance of MAPK pathway activation in PAs, particularly through a tandem duplication leading to an oncogenic BRAF fusion gene. Here, we report two alternative mechanisms resulting(More)
The genetics and pathogenesis of splenic marginal zone lymphoma are poorly understood. The lymphoma lacks chromosome translocation, and approximately 30% of cases are featured by 7q deletion, but the gene targeted by the deletion is unknown. A recent study showed inactivation of A20, a "global" NF-κB negative regulator, in 1 of 12 splenic marginal zone(More)
O6-Methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase (MGMT) is a DNA repair protein that removes alkyl DNA adducts such as those induced by alkylating agents. Loss of MGMT expression through transcriptional silencing by hypermethylation of its CpG island (CGI) is found in diverse human cancers including glioblastomas. Glioblastomas that have MGMT methylation respond to(More)
Ty3/gypsy retrotransposons are rare in mammalian genomes despite their abundance in invertebrate and other vertebrate classes. Here we identify a family of nine conserved mammalian genes with homology to Ty3/gypsy retrotransposons but which have lost their ability to autonomously retrotranspose. Of these, five map to the X chromosome while the remaining(More)
AIMS Primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL) manifest aggressive clinical behaviour and have poor prognosis. Although constitutive activation of the nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) pathway has been documented, knowledge about the genetic alterations leading to the impairment of the NF-κB pathway in PCNSLs is still limited. This study was aimed to unravel(More)
We have previously identified a region containing 16 CpGs within the MGMT CpG islands which is critical for the transcriptional control of MGMT (Malley, Acta Neuropathol 2011). To investigate the patterns and incidence of MGMT methylation in astrocytic and oligodendroglial tumors, we quantitatively assessed methylation at these 16 CpGs using bisulfite(More)
Insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-I and -II are involved in the regulation of brain development and are thought to play a pivotal role in the proliferation of gliomas. Expression of IGF-I, IGF-II, the type I and type II IGF receptor were studied in a panel of thirty glioma cell lines by Northern blotting and PCR analysis. IGF-II mRNA expression with(More)
NOV, located on human chromosome 8q24.1, was originally cloned following discovery of its avian homolog as a consequence of over-expression in virally induced nephroblastoma. The gene product is a secreted, modular, protein and a member of the CCN gene family. Evidence to date indicates that the expression of the wild type protein is associated with(More)