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The structure of the extracellular polysaccharide produced by the mesophilic species, Alteromonas infernus, found in deep-sea hydrothermal vents and grown under laboratory conditions, has been investigated using partial depolymerization, methylation analysis, mass spectrometry and NMR spectroscopy. The repeating units of this polysaccharide is a(More)
The predominant repeating structure of a fraction of the fucoidan from Ascophyllum nodosum prepared by acid hydrolysis and centrifugal partition chromatography (LMWF) was established as: [-->3)-alpha-L-Fuc(2SO3-)-(1-->4)-alpha-L-Fuc(2,3diSO3-)-(1]n by NMR spectroscopy and methylation analysis. The proton and carbon NMR spectra of this unit have been(More)
Fucoidans are sulfated fucosylated polymers from brown algae cell wall that exhibit some heparin/heparan sulfate properties. We previously demonstrated that these polysaccharides were able in vitro to stimulate dermal fibroblast proliferation and extracellular matrix deposition. Here, we investigated the action of a 16kDa fucoidan fraction on parameters(More)
In this work, we first tested the influence of low-molecular-weight (LMW) fucoidan extracted from pheophicae cell wall on bidimensional cultured normal human osteoblasts' behaviors. Second, by impregnation procedure with LMW fucoidan of bone biomaterial (Lubboc), we explored in this bone extracellular matrix context its capabilities to support human(More)
Some marine bacteria collected around deep-sea hydrothermal vents are able to produce, in laboratory conditions, complex and innovative exopolysaccharides. In a previous study, the mesophilic strain Alteromonas macleodii subsp. fijiensis biovar deepsane was collected on the East Pacific Rise at 2600 m depth. It was isolated from a polychaete annelid(More)
The aim of this study was to determine the angiogenic properties of an oversulfated exopolysaccharide (OS-EPS) derived from a polysaccharide secreted by the mesophilic bacterium Alteromonas infernus. We compared the effect of this OS-EPS with that of a non-oversulfated exopolysaccharide (EPS) on human umbilical vein endothelial cell (HUVEC) proliferation,(More)
The therapeutic potential of low-molecular-weight (LMW) fucoidan, a sulfated polysaccharide extracted from brown seaweed devoid of direct antithrombin effect, was investigated in vitro and in a model of critical hindlimb ischemia in rat. In vitro results showed that LMW fucoidan enhanced fibroblast growth factor (FGF)-2-induced [(3)H]thymidine incorporation(More)
Basic fibroblast growth factor (FGF-2) activates its high-affinity receptors (FGFRs) but also acts through interaction with heparan sulfate proteoglycans (HSPG). Exogenous polysaccharides also modulate the angiogenic activity of FGF-2. We investigated the effect and mechanism of action of a low molecular weight fucoidan derivative (LMWF) on tube formation(More)
The therapeutic potential of natural bioactive compounds such as polysaccharides, especially glycosaminoglycans, is now well documented, and this activity combined with natural biodiversity will allow the development of a new generation of therapeutics. Advances in our understanding of the biosynthesis, structure and function of complex glycans from(More)