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We sampled a 300-km transect along the Mackenzie River and its associated coastal shelf system (western Canadian Arctic) in July–August of 2004 to evaluate the gradients in optical, phytoplankton and photosynthetic characteristics. The attenuation of photosynthetically available radiation (PAR) was best explained by coloured dissolved organic matter (CDOM)(More)
The cyanobacteria Planktothrix agardhii and Cylindrospermopsis raciborskii are bloom-forming species common in eutrophic freshwaters. These filamentous species share certain physiological traits which imply that they might flourish under similar environmental conditions. We compared the distribution of the two species in a large database (940 samples)(More)
Microbial communities occur throughout the cryosphere in a diverse range of ice-dominated habitats including snow, sea ice, glaciers, permafrost, and ice clouds. In each of these environments, organisms must be capable of surviving freeze-thaw cycles, persistent low temperatures for growth, extremes of solar radiation, and prolonged dormancy. These(More)
We compared phytoplankton and phytobenthos pigment strategies in 17 shallow lakes and ponds from northern Canada and Alaska, sampled during mid to late summer. Benthic chlorophyll a concentrations (8–261 mg m−2) greatly exceeded those of the phytoplankton (0.008–1.4 mg m−2) in all sites. Cyanobacteria dominated the phytobenthos, while green algae and(More)
Three microalgal communities were studied between August 1996 and September 1997 in a brackish lagoon, Laguna de Rocha (Uruguay), located on the south-eastern coast of South America. The system is shallow and periodically connected to the Atlantic Ocean and the anthropogenic influence is scarce. The freshwater and marine water inflows cause an extreme(More)
Remnant ice shelves along the northern coast of Ellesmere Island, Nunavut, Canada ( approximately 83 degrees N) provide a habitat for cryo-tolerant microbial mat communities. Bioassays of bacterial and primary production were undertaken to quantify the short-term physiological response of the mats to changes in key variables that characterize this(More)
The mechanisms that drive species coexistence and community dynamics have long puzzled ecologists. Here, we explain species coexistence, size structure and diversity patterns in a phytoplankton community using a combination of four fundamental factors: organism traits, size-based constraints, hydrology and species competition. Using a 'microscopic'(More)
The development of cyanobacterial blooms in inland aquatic ecosystems is greatly promoted by nutrient availability, especially nitrogen and phosphorous. When blooms are dominated by toxigenic species the harmful effects of nutrient loading becomes particularly relevant. Among toxic species, Cylindrospermopsis raciborskii found in South American ecosystems(More)
Ancient DNA (aDNA) analysis of lake sediments is a promising tool for detecting shifts in past microbial assemblages in response to changing environmental conditions. We examined sediment core samples from subtropical, freshwater Laguna Blanca (Uruguay), which has been severely affected by cultural eutrophication since 1960 and where cyanobacterial blooms,(More)
When phytoplankton growth in lakes is limited by the available phosphate, the external phosphate concentration fluctuates around a threshold value at which available energy is insufficient to drive phosphate incorporation into a polyphosphate pool. As a result, occasional increases in the external concentration are experienced by phytoplankton as a series(More)