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The cyanobacteria Planktothrix agardhii and Cylindrospermopsis raciborskii are bloom-forming species common in eutrophic freshwaters. These filamentous species share certain physiological traits which imply that they might flourish under similar environmental conditions. We compared the distribution of the two species in a large database (940 samples)(More)
Microbial communities occur throughout the cryosphere in a diverse range of ice-dominated habitats including snow, sea ice, glaciers, permafrost, and ice clouds. In each of these environments, organisms must be capable of surviving freeze-thaw cycles, persistent low temperatures for growth, extremes of solar radiation, and prolonged dormancy. These(More)
Remnant ice shelves along the northern coast of Ellesmere Island, Nunavut, Canada ( approximately 83 degrees N) provide a habitat for cryo-tolerant microbial mat communities. Bioassays of bacterial and primary production were undertaken to quantify the short-term physiological response of the mats to changes in key variables that characterize this(More)
The mechanisms that drive species coexistence and community dynamics have long puzzled ecologists. Here, we explain species coexistence, size structure and diversity patterns in a phytoplankton community using a combination of four fundamental factors: organism traits, size-based constraints, hydrology and species competition. Using a 'microscopic'(More)
The development of cyanobacterial blooms in inland aquatic ecosystems is greatly promoted by nutrient availability, especially nitrogen and phosphorous. When blooms are dominated by toxigenic species the harmful effects of nutrient loading becomes particularly relevant. Among toxic species, Cylindrospermopsis raciborskii found in South American ecosystems(More)
Ancient DNA (aDNA) analysis of lake sediments is a promising tool for detecting shifts in past microbial assemblages in response to changing environmental conditions. We examined sediment core samples from subtropical, freshwater Laguna Blanca (Uruguay), which has been severely affected by cultural eutrophication since 1960 and where cyanobacterial blooms,(More)
We combined the use of polyclonal antibodies against saxitoxin with catalyzed reporter deposition to detect production of saxitoxin by the cyanobacterium Cylindrospermopsis raciborskii. The procedure is simple, allows detection of intracellular saxitoxin in cyanobacteria filaments by confocal laser microscopy and is a promising tool to study toxin(More)
The harmful bloom-forming cyanobacterium Cylindrospermopsis raciborskii grows in freshwaters over a wide range of light conditions. This species has increased its global distribution recently. The influence of ultraviolet radiation (UVR) on the fitness and toxin production of C. raciborskii has not previously been explored. We performed short-term(More)
When phytoplankton growth in lakes is limited by the available phosphate, the external phosphate concentration fluctuates around a threshold value at which available energy is insufficient to drive phosphate incorporation into a polyphosphate pool. As a result, occasional increases in the external concentration are experienced by phytoplankton as a series(More)
Toxic effects of freshwater cyanobacteria on mesozooplankton partially depend on the feeding strategies, generalist (cladocera) or selective filter-feeders (copepod) and on the type of toxin. Blooms of Cylindrospermopsis raciborskii (Nostocales) are increasingly more common in freshwaters. It can produce neurotoxins (paralytic shellfish poison, PSP),(More)