The mechanisms that drive species coexistence and community dynamics have long puzzled ecologists. Here, we explain species coexistence, size structure and diversity patterns in a phytoplankton community using a combination of four fundamental factors: organism traits, size-based constraints, hydrology and species competition. Using a 'microscopic'… (More)
BACKGROUND In a recent genomic study, Leung et al. used a factorial microarray analysis to identify Smarca4 (Brg1)-regulated genes in micro-dissected zebrafish retinas. Two hundred and fifty nine genes were grouped in three-way ANOVA models which carried the most specific retinal change. To validate the microarray results and to elucidate cellular… (More)
Copyright: © 2016 Zhang et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Retinal degeneration is often progressive. This feature has provided a therapeutic window for intervention that may extend functional vision in patients. Even though this approach is feasible, few promising drug candidates are available. The scarcity of new drugs has motivated research to discover novel compounds through different sources. One such example… (More)
Toxic effects of freshwater cyanobacteria on mesozooplankton partially depend on the feeding strategies, generalist (cladocera) or selective filter-feeders (copepod) and on the type of toxin. Blooms of Cylindrospermopsis raciborskii (Nostocales) are increasingly more common in freshwaters. It can produce neurotoxins (paralytic shellfish poison, PSP),… (More)
The harmful bloom-forming cyanobacterium Cylindrospermopsis raciborskii grows in freshwaters over a wide range of light conditions. This species has increased its global distribution recently. The influence of ultraviolet radiation (UVR) on the fitness and toxin production of C. raciborskii has not previously been explored. We performed short-term… (More)
Normal and visually-impaired zebrafish larvae have differentiable light-induced locomotor response (LLR), which is composed of visual and non-visual components. It is recently demonstrated that differences in the acute phase of the LLR, also known as the visual motor response (VMR), can be utilized to evaluate new eye drugs. However, most of the previous… (More)