Sylvia A. de Jong

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The proinflammatory cytokines interleukin (IL)-6 and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)are thought to impair insulin signaling (1,2), and abnormally high levels of them are associated with insulin resistance (3,4) and type 2 diabetes (3,5). In patients with type 2 diabetes, a meal rich in fat, mainly in the form of sausages and butter, increases postprandial(More)
OBJECTIVE Markers of oxidative stress and plasma alanine transferase (ALT) levels are increased and circulating antioxidant concentrations are reduced in individuals with insulin resistance. Vitamin E improves glycemic control in people with diabetes. We tested the hypothesis that vitamin E would decrease markers of oxidative stress and plasma ALT levels(More)
The aim of this study was to compare the acute effect of (i) meals rich in saturated fat, oleic acid, and alpha-linolenic acid and (ii) meals rich in starch and fiber on markers of inflammation and oxidative stress in obese and lean women. In a crossover study, 15 abdominally obese women (age, 54 +/- 9 years; BMI, 37.3 +/- 5.5 kg/m2) and 14 lean women (age,(More)
BACKGROUND Endothelial function is impaired in renal allograft recipients but the effects of antioxidant vitamin therapy on endothelial function in such patients is unknown. METHODS Thirteen renal allograft recipients were randomized to vitamin C or placebo in a double blind cross-over study design. Flow-mediated endothelium-dependent dilation and(More)
BACKGROUND Serum paraoxonase 1 (PON1) is an oxidant-sensitive enzyme associated with high-density lipoprotein (HDL) that inhibits the atherogenic oxidation of low-density lipoprotein (LDL). In haemodialysis patients, production of reactive oxygen species, such as hypochlorous acid (HOCl) and hydrogen peroxide, is increased and serum PON1 arylesterase is(More)
OBJECTIVES The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that intake of used cooking fat is associated with impaired endothelial function. BACKGROUND Diets containing high levels of lipid oxidation products may accelerate atherogenesis, but the effect on endothelial function is unknown. METHODS Flow-mediated endothelium-dependent dilation and(More)
OBJECTIVE Isoprostanes are a marker of oxidant stress and atherosclerotic risk, and plasma concentrations are elevated in obesity. Adiponectin is a regulator of insulin sensitivity, and low circulating levels are associated with oxidant stress and obesity. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of vitamin E supplementation on plasma(More)
AIMS To test the effect of oral hormone replacement therapy (HRT) on plasma C-reactive protein (CRP), soluble vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1), soluble intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) and IL-6 concentrations and leucocyte count in post-menopausal women with Type 2 diabetes. METHODS Post-menopausal women with Type 2 diabetes (n = 61)(More)
AIM Oxidative stress and susceptibility of low-density lipoproteins (LDL) to oxidation are increased in renal transplant recipients. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of dietary supplementation with tomato juice on plasma levels of the antioxidant lycopene, serum indices of lipid peroxidation (fluorescent lipid oxidation products (FLOP) and(More)
OBJECTIVE The androgenic effect of progestogen, necessary in early postmenopausal hormone replacement therapy (HRT), may adversely affect insulin sensitivity as well as body fat distribution and thereby increase the cardiovascular risk profile. The impact of HRT with sequential combined oral 17beta-estradiol and norethisterone acetate on insulin sensitivity(More)