Sylvestre Maréchaux

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BACKGROUND Severe low-gradient, low-flow (LG/LF) aortic stenosis with preserved left ventricular ejection fraction (EF) has been described as a more advanced form of aortic stenosis. However, the natural history and need for surgery in patients with LG/LF aortic stenosis remain subjects of intense debate. OBJECTIVES We sought to investigate the outcome of(More)
BACKGROUND Postoperative atrial fibrillation (POAF) is a common complication after cardiac surgery, with increased risk of embolic events, haemodynamic instability, haemorrhagic complications and prolonged hospital stay. AIMS We sought to assess the value of preoperative left ventricular global longitudinal strain (GLS) for the prediction of POAF in a(More)
Myocardial dysfunction without coronary involvement may occur in acute cerebral diseases. The inverted Takotsubo pattern has been recently recognized as a novel heart neurologic stress-related syndrome. We report on the case of a 40-year-old woman presenting with massive subarachnoid hemorrhage and brain death. Echocardiography revealed an extensive left(More)
The frequency of traumatic injuries to permanent teeth was studied in a Swiss population sample consisting of 262 children. The prevalence of injuries was 10.81 percent. The children (106 girls and 156 boys) ranged in age from 6-18 years; the boy/girl ratio was 1.47:1. The largest number of injuries for boys was found between the ages of 9 and 10 years. The(More)
The objective of this study was to examine the value of stress-echocardiography in patients with paradoxical low-flow, low-gradient (PLFLG) aortic stenosis (AS). The projected aortic valve area (AVAProj) at a normal flow rate was calculated in 55 patients with PLFLG AS. In the subset of patients (n = 13) who underwent an aortic valve replacement within 3(More)
Aims Abnormal exercise test defined as the occurrence of exercise limiting symptoms, fall in blood pressure below baseline, or complex ventricular arrhythmias is useful to predict clinical events in asymptomatic patients with aortic stenosis (AS). The purpose of this study was to determine whether exercise-stress echocardiography (ESE) adds any incremental(More)
In this work, we analyzed the prognostic significance of changes in hemoglobin during intensive care unit (ICU) stay in patients with acute coronary syndromes (ACS). We prospectively enrolled 591 patients (62 ± 14 years old, 73% male, 48% ST elevated myocardial infarction) free of blood cell transfusion or bleeding events. Changes in hemoglobin between(More)
BACKGROUND Aortic valve sclerosis (AVS) shares epidemiological and histological similarities with atherosclerosis. Tissue factor (TF), the main initiator of blood coagulation, is present in atherosclerotic plaques and contributes to their thrombogenicity. We aimed to analyze valvular TF expression in addition to other components of atherosclerosis in two(More)
BACKGROUND Previous studies have demonstrated variable patterns of longitudinal septal deformation in patients with left ventricular (LV) dysfunction and left bundle branch block. This prospective single center study was designed to assess the relationship between septal deformation patterns obtained by two-dimensional speckle-tracking echocardiography and(More)