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The objective of this study was to examine the value of stress-echocardiography in patients with paradoxical low-flow, low-gradient (PLFLG) aortic stenosis (AS). The projected aortic valve area (AVAProj) at a normal flow rate was calculated in 55 patients with PLFLG AS. In the subset of patients (n = 13) who underwent an aortic valve replacement within 3(More)
Aims Abnormal exercise test defined as the occurrence of exercise limiting symptoms, fall in blood pressure below baseline, or complex ventricular arrhythmias is useful to predict clinical events in asymptomatic patients with aortic stenosis (AS). The purpose of this study was to determine whether exercise-stress echocardiography (ESE) adds any incremental(More)
The frequency of traumatic injuries to permanent teeth was studied in a Swiss population sample consisting of 262 children. The prevalence of injuries was 10.81 percent. The children (106 girls and 156 boys) ranged in age from 6-18 years; the boy/girl ratio was 1.47:1. The largest number of injuries for boys was found between the ages of 9 and 10 years. The(More)
BACKGROUND Aortic valve sclerosis (AVS) shares epidemiological and histological similarities with atherosclerosis. Tissue factor (TF), the main initiator of blood coagulation, is present in atherosclerotic plaques and contributes to their thrombogenicity. We aimed to analyze valvular TF expression in addition to other components of atherosclerosis in two(More)
Low-gradient (LG), low-flow (LF), severe aortic stenosis (AS) with preserved ejection fraction (PEF) is considered by some authors as an advanced form of AS associated with very poor outcome. The aim of this Doppler echocardiographic study was to investigate changes over time in the hemodynamic severity of LG/LF AS with PEF. We retrospectively identified in(More)
Of twenty-five cases presented here, eighteen were boys and seven were girls who required apexification through December 1986. Nine teeth were considered treatment failures after a 9.5-year follow-up period. With these nine cases, however, five teeth to date have had successful endodontic treatment. Additional follow-up time (5-8 years) is required to(More)
BACKGROUND Functional renal impairment is a common feature of heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF). The link between functional renal impairment and HFpEF remains incompletely understood. With hypertension and diabetes as frequent co-morbidities, patients with HFpEF are at risk of developing intra-renal vascular hemodynamic alterations(More)
The relative impact of comorbidities and parameters of left ventricular diastolic function on clinical outcome has not been thoroughly investigated in patients who are hospitalized for heart failure decompensation and found to have preserved ejection fraction. We identified 98 HFpEF patients among 1452 patients admitted with acute heart failure. Clinical(More)
BACKGROUND We recently demonstrated in an experimental model the expression of tissue factor (TF) in aortic valves. Thrombin, generated at the end of the TF-initiated coagulation cascade, has been shown to cleave the anti-calcific osteopontin (OSP) liberating the pro-inflammatory OSP N-half. OBJECTIVES We hypothesized that TF might play an important role(More)
BACKGROUND While normal at rest, left ventricular (LV) systolic function may become abnormal during exercise in patients with aortic stenosis. Once contraindicated in patients with aortic stenosis, exercise testing is now recommended in asymptomatic patients with aortic stenosis to elicit symptoms and thereby ascertain the need for aortic valve replacement.(More)