Sylvain Koenig

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We constructed an infectious molecular clone of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome-associated retrovirus. Upon transfection, this clone directed the production of infectious virus particles in a wide variety of cells in addition to human T4 cells. The progeny, infectious virions, were synthesized in mouse, mink, monkey, and several human non-T cell lines,(More)
One of the common neurological complications in patients with the acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) is a subacute encephalopathy with progressive dementia. By using the techniques of cocultivation for virus isolation, in situ hybridization, immunocytochemistry, and transmission electron microscopy, the identity of an important cell type that(More)
The production of equine influenza in Madin-Darby canine kidney (MDCK) cells in large-scale microcarrier culture is described with detailed on- and off-line analytical data during cell growth and virus replication. Metabolite concentration profiles for glucose, glutamine, lactate and ammonium are shown. Lactate and ammonium concentrations were always below(More)
Virtually all uropathogenic strains of Escherichia coli, the primary cause of cystitis, assemble adhesive surface organelles called type 1 pili that contain the FimH adhesin. Sera from animals vaccinated with candidate FimH vaccines inhibited uropathogenic E. coli from binding to human bladder cells in vitro. Immunization with FimH reduced in vivo(More)
The human T-lymphotropic virus type I (HTLV-I), the first human retrovirus to be characterized, is associated with adult T-cell leukaemia and a chronic progressive disease of the central nervous system termed tropical spastic paraparesis, or HTLV-I-associated myelopathy. Only 1% of individuals infected with HTLV-I develop clinical disease however. The(More)
A panel of human monoclonal antibody Fab fragments has been generated against the surface glycoprotein gp120 of type 1 human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) by antigen selection from a random combinatorial library expressed on the surface of filamentous phage. The library was prepared from 5 ml of bone marrow from an asymptomatic individual who has been(More)
The frequencies of human T cell lymphotropic virus type 1 (HTLV-1)-specific CD8+ precursor cytotoxic T lymphocytes (pCTL) were quantitated from lymphocytes obtained from the peripheral blood and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of infected individuals with and without HTLV-1-associated neurological disease. An estimate of the pCTL was obtained by separating CD8+(More)
The third variable region (V3) of the HIV-1 gp120 envelope glycoprotein is thought to induce potent neutralizing antibodies which are generally defined as type specific and reactive with individual viral isolates. In contrast, the CD4-binding domain is thought to induce neutralizing antibodies that are group specific and capable of neutralizing all isolates(More)
Neutralizing polyclonal antibody to respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) has been shown to be an effective prophylactic agent when administered intravenously in high-risk infants. This study describes the generation of a humanized monoclonal antibody, MEDI-493, that recognizes a conserved neutralizing epitope on the F glycoprotein of RSV. The affinity of(More)
Escherichia coli FimH adhesin mediates binding to the bladder mucosa. In mice, a FimH vaccine protects against bacterial challenge. In this study, 4 monkeys were inoculated with 100 microgram of FimCH adhesin-chaperone complex mixed with MF59 adjuvant, and 4 monkeys were given adjuvant only intramuscularly. After 2 doses (day 0 and week 4), a booster at 48(More)