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We investigated to what extent participants can acquire the mastery of an auditory-substitution-of-vision device ('The vOICe') using dynamic tasks in a three-dimensional environment. After extensive training, participants took part in four experiments. In the first experiment we explored locomotion and localisation abilities. Participants, blindfolded and(More)
"This monograph thus risks becoming outdated in a very short time since the development of refined sensory substitution systems should allow many of the question raised here to be answered, and some of the conclusions may appear naive to future readers." (BACH Y RITA, 1972) As it turns out, this prediction is far from having been fulfilled: in spite of(More)
Delays in the transmission of sensory and motor information prevent errors from being instantaneously available to the central nervous system (CNS) and can reduce the stability of a closed-loop control strategy. On the other hand, the use of a pure feedforward control (inverse dynamics) requires a perfect knowledge of the dynamic behavior of the body and of(More)
Studies of the nature of the neural mechanisms involved in goal-directed movements tend to concentrate on the role of vision. We present here an attempt to address the mechanisms whereby an auditory input is transformed into a motor command. The spatial and temporal organization of hand movements were studied in normal human subjects as they pointed toward(More)
This work describes a technique for measuring human head movements in 3D space. Rotations and translations of the head are tracked using a light helmet fastened to a multi-joint mechanical structure. This apparatus has been designed to be used in a series of psycho-physiological experiments in the field of active vision, where position and orientation of(More)
Across five experiments, we investigated the parameters involved in the observation and in the execution of the action of lifting an object. The observers were shown minimal information on movements, consisting of either the working-point displacement only (ie two points representing the hand and object) or additional configural information on the(More)
Sensory substitution constitutes an interesting domain of study to consider the philosopher's classical question of distal attribution: how we can distinguish between a sensation and the perception of an object that causes this sensation. We tested the hypothesis that distal attribution consists of three distinct components: an object, a perceptual space,(More)
We aimed to describe 3D scapular kinematics and scapulohumeral rhythm (SHR) in glenohumeral (GH) osteoarthritis shoulders compared to unaffected shoulders and to compare the abnormal scapular kinematic schema for GH osteoarthritis with that for frozen shoulder. Thirty-two patients with stiff shoulder (16 with GH osteoarthritis and 16 with frozen shoulder)(More)
BACKGROUND The kinetics and kinematics of the glenohumeral joints, and shoulder muscles activities during the initial phase of learning wheelchair propulsion by individuals with paraplegia have been partially described. But no studies carry out the kinematics of the upper-limb during the learning of non-constrained open field locomotion with a wheelchair.(More)
BACKGROUND No three-dimensional (3-D) data exist on the influence of motion velocity on scapular kinematics. The effect of arm elevation velocity has been studied only in a two-dimensional setting. METHODS Thirty healthy subjects performed dominant (right) arm elevation in two planes, sagittal and frontal, and at slow and fast self-selected arm speed.(More)