Sylvain Gaillard

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A large number of bioinformatics applications in the fields of bio-sequence analysis, molecular evolution and population genetics typically share input/ouput methods, data storage requirements and data analysis algorithms. Such common features may be conveniently bundled into re-usable libraries, which enable the rapid development of new methods and robust(More)
Efficient algorithms and programs for the analysis of the ever-growing amount of biological sequence data are strongly needed in the genomics era. The pace at which new data and methodologies are generated calls for the use of pre-existing, optimized-yet extensible-code, typically distributed as libraries or packages. This motivated the Bio++ project,(More)
Efficacy of PA21 (sucroferric oxyhydroxide), a novel calcium-free polynuclear iron(III)-oxyhydroxide phosphate binder, was compared with that of sevelamer carbonate in an open-label, randomized, active-controlled phase III study. Seven hundred and seven hemo- and peritoneal dialysis patients with hyperphosphatemia received PA21 1.0-3.0 g per day and 348(More)
BACKGROUND Hyperphosphatemia necessitates the use of phosphate binders in most dialysis patients. Long-term efficacy and tolerability of the iron-based phosphate binder, sucroferric oxyhydroxide (previously known as PA21), was compared with that of sevelamer carbonate (sevelamer) in an open-label Phase III extension study. METHODS In the initial Phase III(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES A dose-finding study was undertaken to investigate the efficacy of PA21, a novel polynuclear iron(III)-oxyhydroxide phosphate binder. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS In a randomized, active-controlled, multicenter, open-label study at 50 clinical sites in Europe and the United States, hemodialysis patients were(More)
We have studied the characteristics of pH(i) regulation at different stages of rat oligodendrocyte differentiation in primary culture. pH(i) was measured at 37 degrees C using the pH-sensitive fluorescent probe BCECF. In immature oligodendrocyte progenitor (OLP), three distinct ionic mechanisms were involved in pH(i) regulation: (i) a sodium-independent(More)
Using the latest sequencing and optical mapping technologies, we have produced a high-quality de novo assembly of the apple (Malus domestica Borkh.) genome. Repeat sequences, which represented over half of the assembly, provided an unprecedented opportunity to investigate the uncharacterized regions of a tree genome; we identified a new hyper-repetitive(More)
Polyphenols have favorable antioxidant potential on human health suggesting that their high content is responsible for the beneficial effects of apple consumption. They control the quality of ciders as they predominantly account for astringency, bitterness, color and aroma. In this study, we identified QTLs controlling phenolic compound concentrations and(More)
Sequence alignments are the starting point for most evolutionary and comparative analyses. Full genome sequences can be compared to study patterns of within and between species variation. Genome sequence alignments are complex structures containing information such as coordinates, quality scores and synteny structure, which are stored in Multiple Alignment(More)
The study of radiobiological effects induced in vitro by low fluences of alpha particles would be significantly enhanced if the precise localization of each particle track in the cell monolayer was known. From this perspective, we developed a new method based on tailor-made UV-radiation-cured CR-39, the production of which is described. Its validation both(More)