Sylvain Chemtob

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The role of retinal microglial cells (MCs) in age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is unclear. Here we demonstrated that all retinal MCs express CX3C chemokine receptor 1 (CX3CR1) and that homozygosity for the CX3CR1 M280 allele, which is associated with impaired cell migration, increases the risk of AMD. In humans with AMD, MCs accumulated in the(More)
1. This study was done to characterize the functional role of alpha 1D-adrenoceptors in rat myocardium, aorta, spleen, vas deferens and prostate by use of the selective antagonist BMY 7378. 2. BMY 7378 inhibited [3H]-prazosin binding to aortic membranes with a potency (pKi 9.8 +/- 0.40) approximately 100 fold higher than in right ventricular membranes (pKi(More)
Although the role of PGE2 in maintaining ductus arteriosus (DA) patency is well established, the specific PGE2 receptor subtype(s) (EP) involved have not been clearly identified. We used late gestation fetal and neonatal lambs to study developmental regulation of EP receptors. In the fetal DA, radioligand binding and RT-PCR assays virtually failed to detect(More)
The failure of blood vessels to revascularize ischemic neural tissue represents a significant challenge for vascular biology. Examples include proliferative retinopathies (PRs) such as retinopathy of prematurity and proliferative diabetic retinopathy, which are the leading causes of blindness in children and working-age adults. PRs are characterized by(More)
Prostaglandin E2 receptors (EP) were detected by radioligand binding in nuclear fractions isolated from porcine brain and myometrium. Intracellular localization by immunocytofluorescence revealed perinuclear localization of EPs in porcine cerebral microvascular endothelial cells. Nuclear association of EP1 was also found in fibroblast Swiss 3T3 cells stably(More)
Previous studies have shown that newborn rats exposed postnatally to hyperoxia will develop a permanent impairment of the retinal function as determined with the electroretinogram (ERG). The purpose of our study was to examine whether postnatal hyperoxia equally alters the light- and dark-adapted ERGs and oscillatory potentials (OPs) as well as leads to(More)
Classically, the prostaglandin E(2) (PGE(2)) receptor EP(4) has been classified as coupling to the Galpha(s) subunit, leading to intracellular cAMP increases. However, EP(4) signaling has been revealed to be more complex and also involves coupling to pertussis toxin-sensitive Galpha(i) proteins and beta-arrestin-mediated effects. There are now many examples(More)
Microvascular degeneration is an important event in oxygen-induced retinopathy (OIR), a model of retinopathy of prematurity. Because oxidant stress abundantly generates thromboxane A2 (TxA2), we tested whether TxA2 plays a role in retinal vasoobliteration of OIR and contributes to such vascular degeneration by direct endothelial cytotoxicity.(More)
The effects of prostaglandin E2 are thought to be mediated via G protein-coupled plasma membrane receptors, termed EP. However recent data implied that prostanoids may also act intracellularly. We investigated if the ubiquitous EP3 and the EP4 receptors are localized in nuclear membranes. Radioligand binding studies on isolated nuclear membrane fractions of(More)
Vascularization is essential for tissue development and in restoration of tissue integrity after an ischemic injury. In studies of vascularization, the focus has largely been placed on vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), yet other factors may also orchestrate this process. Here we show that succinate accumulates in the hypoxic retina of rodents and,(More)