Sylke Müller

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We describe the genome sequence of the protist Trichomonas vaginalis, a sexually transmitted human pathogen. Repeats and transposable elements comprise about two-thirds of the approximately 160-megabase genome, reflecting a recent massive expansion of genetic material. This expansion, in conjunction with the shaping of metabolic pathways that likely(More)
The malaria parasite Plasmodium falciparum is highly adapted to cope with the oxidative stress to which it is exposed during the erythrocytic stages of its life cycle. This includes the defence against oxidative insults arising from the parasite's metabolism of haemoglobin which results in the formation of reactive oxygen species and the release of toxic(More)
The intraerythrocytic development of Plasmodium falciparum correlates with increasing levels of the polyamines putrescine, spermidine, and spermine in the infected red blood cells; and compartmental analyses revealed that the majority is associated with the parasite. Since depletion of cellular polyamines is a promising strategy for inhibition of parasite(More)
Malaria is one of the most devastating tropical diseases despite the availability of numerous drugs acting against the protozoan parasite Plasmodium in its human host. However, the development of drug resistance renders most of the existing drugs useless. In the malaria parasite the tripeptide glutathione is not only involved in maintaining an adequate(More)
Plasmodium falciparum possesses a single mitochondrion with a functional electron transport chain. During respiration, reactive oxygen species are generated that need to be removed to protect the organelle from oxidative damage. In the absence of catalase and glutathione peroxidase, the parasites rely primarily on peroxiredoxin-linked systems for(More)
The thioredoxin system is a major line of cellular defence against oxygen damage. Two distinct thioredoxin reductases found in eukaryotes have different catalytic mechanisms and a mutually exclusive distribution reflecting a complex evolutionary history. Most eukaryotes, including several important parasites, contain a low molecular weight thioredoxin(More)
Peroxiredoxins (Trx-Px) are ubiquitous antioxidant enzymes that catalyse the thioredoxin-dependent reduction of hydroperoxides. The number of characteristic active site (VCP/T) motifs defines these proteins as 1-Cys and 2-Cys Trx-Px. Steady-state kinetic parameters of Plasmodium falciparum 2-Cys Trx-Px (PfTrx-Px1) were determined using stopped flow rapid(More)
The intraerythrocytic stages of Plasmodium falciparum are exposed to oxidative stress and require functional anti-oxidant systems to survive. In addition to the parasite's known iron-dependent superoxide dismutase PfSOD1, a second SOD gene (PfSOD2) interrupted by 8 introns was identified on chromosome 6. Molecular modelling shows that the structure of(More)
Lipoic acid is an essential cofactor of alpha-keto acid dehydrogenase complexes (KADHCs). This study shows that Plasmodium falciparum possesses two distinct lipoylation pathways that are found in separate subcellular localizations. Lipoic acid synthesis comprising lipoic acid synthase and lipoyl-ACP:protein N-lipoyl transferase is present in the parasite's(More)
The human malaria parasite Plasmodium falciparum poses an increasing threat to human health in the tropical regions of the world, and the validation and assessment of possible drug targets is required for the development of new antimalarials. It has been shown that the erythrocytic stages of the parasites, which are responsible for the pathology of the(More)