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5 of 8 infarcted human myocardial tissues were shown to contain an angiogenesis factor which resembles that obtained from solid tumours. The concentration of angiogenesis factor, measured by radioimmunoassay, was similar to that in tumours. It is suggested that the myocardial-infarct angiogenesis factor modulates collateral enlargement or ingrowth of new(More)
Chemokine-induced eosinophil chemotaxis is mediated primarily through the C-C chemokine receptor, CCR3. We have now detected CCR3 immunoreactivity on epithelial cells in biopsies of patients with asthma and other respiratory diseases. CCR3 mRNA was detected by Northern blot analysis after TNF-alpha stimulation of the human primary bronchial epithelial cells(More)
We recently demonstrated that human bronchial epithelial cells (HBEC) constitutively express the CXC chemokine receptor CXCR3, which when activated, induces directed cell migration. The present study in HBEC examined the relative expression of the CXCR3 splice variants CXCR3-A and -B, cell cycle dependence of CXCR3 expression, and the effects of the CXCR3(More)
Human airway epithelial cells (HAEC) constitutively express the CXC chemokine receptor CXCR3, which regulates epithelial cell movement. In diseases such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and asthma, characterized by denudation of the epithelial lining, epithelial cell migration may contribute to airway repair and reconstitution. This study compared(More)
Eosinophils are the predominant cell type recruited in inflammatory reactions in response to allergen challenge. The mechanisms of selective eosinophil recruitment in allergic reactions are not fully elucidated. In this study, the ability of several C-C chemokines to induce transendothelial migration (TEM) of eosinophils in vitro was assessed. Eotaxin,(More)
Macrophage inflammatory protein (MIP-1 alpha), a member of the CC chemokine subfamily, has been shown to attract T cells and monocytes in vitro and to be expressed at sites of inflammation. Although the in vitro activities of MIP-1 alpha have been well documented, the in vivo biological activities of MIP-1 alpha in humans have not been studied. To address(More)
Activation of the chemokine receptor CXCR3 by its cognate ligands induces several differentiated cellular responses important to the growth and migration of a variety of hematopoietic and structural cells. In the human respiratory tract, human airway epithelial cells (HAEC) release the CXCR3 ligands Mig/CXCL9, IP-10/CXCL10, and I-TAC/CXCL11. Simultaneous(More)
Protein kinase C (PKC) plays a major role in regulation of both pre and postsynaptic neurotransmission. Excessive activation of PKC results in symptoms related to bipolar disorder. Tamoxifen, a widely used breast cancer drug is known to inhibit PKC and demonstrate antimanic properties in human. We describe herein the synthesis of endoxifen, a tamoxifen(More)
The presence of a tumour angiogenesis factor (TAF) was investigated by bioassay and radioimmunoassay (RIA) in tissue and urine from patients with a variety of urological cancers. TAF was present in the majority of tumours studied by both methods and absent from controls. Our results suggest that RIA of urine for TAF may be applicable as a screening test for(More)
The use of a radioimmunoassay (RIA) demonstrated that angiogenic factors from human and animal tumours, normal bovine retinas, myocardial infarcts, synovial fluid from patients with joint diseases and wound fluid shared common antigenic determinants. Values for angiogenesis factors expressed as microgram Walker tumour TAF/mg protein varied from 0.8 (wound(More)