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In this study, we investigated the diversity of fungal endophytes associated with Pinus wallichiana from the Western Himalayas, with emphasis on comparison of endophytic communities harbored by the stem and needle tissues of the host and their antimicrobial potential. A total number of 130 isolates, comprising of 38 different genera, were recovered from 210(More)
A Phoma sp. was isolated and characterized as endophytic and as a pathogen of Larrea tridentata (creosote bush) growing in the desert region of southern Utah, USA. This fungus produces a unique mixture of volatile organic compounds (VOCs), including a series of sesquiterpenoids, some alcohols and several reduced naphthalene derivatives. Trans-caryophyllene,(More)
Endophytism is the phenomenon of mutualistic association of a plant with a microorganism wherein the microbe lives within the tissues of the plant without causing any symptoms of disease. In addition to being a treasured biological resource, endophytes play diverse indispensable functions in nature for plant growth, development, stress tolerance, and(More)
Mining of soil sample from cold desert of Ladakh by functional metagenomics led to the isolation of cold-adapted endocellulase (CEL8M) that hydrolyses carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC). Mature CEL8M, a 347-residue polypeptide with a molecular mass of 38.9 kDa showed similarity to β-1,3-1,4 d-glucanase from Klebsiella sp. The enzyme contains the catalytic module(More)
This study was conducted to characterize and explore the endophytic fungi of selected plants from the Western Himalayas for their bioactive potential. A total of 72 strains of endophytic fungi were isolated and characterized morphologically as well as on the basis of ITS1-5.8S-ITS2 ribosomal gene sequence acquisition and analyses. The fungi represented 27(More)
Muscodor spp. are proficient producers of bioactive volatile organic compounds (VOCs) with many potential applications. However, all members of this genus produce varying amounts and types of VOCs which suggests the involvement of epigenetics as a possible explanation. The members of this genus are poorly explored for the production of soluble compounds(More)
Rhodanese is a multifunctional, sulfur transferase that catalyzes the detoxification of cyanide by sulphuration in a double displacement (ping pong) mechanistic reaction. In the present study, small-insert metagenomic library from soil sample collected from Ladakh (3,000-3,600 m.a.s.l) in northwestern Himalayas, India was constructed. Function-driven(More)
During the screening of endophytes obtained from Glycyrrhiza glabra Linn., the extract from a fungal culture designated as GG1F1 showed significant antimicrobial activity. The fungus was identified as a species of the genus Phoma and was most closely related to Phoma cucurbitacearum. The chemical investigation of the GG1F1 extract led to the isolation and(More)
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