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Graphene production in water from graphite sources is an important technological route toward harvesting the unique properties of this material. Graphene forms thermodynamically unstable dispersions in water, limiting the use of this solvent due to aggregation. We show that graphene-water dispersions can be controlled kinetically to produce graphene by(More)
Polydimethyl siloxane (PDMS) based pressure sensitive adhesives (PSA) incorporating organo-clays at different loadings were fabricated via solution casting. Partially exfoliated nanocomposites were obtained for the hydroxyl terminated PDMS in ethyl acetate solvent as determined by X-ray diffraction and atomic force microscopy. Drug release studies showed(More)
A novel class of polymer blends has been prepared from main-chain-type benzoxazine polymer (MCBP) and chitosan (CTS), a modified biomacromolecule. A water-soluble, main-chain-type benzoxazine polymer, MCBP(BA-tepa), was synthesized from the reaction of bisphenol A (BA), tetraethylenepentamine (TEPA) and formalin. The structure of the MCBP(BA-tepa) was(More)
The effects of electrolyte and polymer loadings on formation, density, and mechanical properties of clay aerogels have been investigated. Coherent aerogels were formed at all tested concentrations except at a combination of low electrolyte (<0.04 M) and polymer (<1% w/v) concentrations because of partial clay flocculation. The compressive modulus and yield(More)
Organoclays were prepared by cationic exchange of montmorillonite (MMT) with three commercial surfactants: octadecylamine (ODA), hexadecyltrimethylammonium bromide (HTAB), benzalkonium chloride (BAC), and an in-house synthesized surfactant, vinylbenzylalkyldimethylammonium chloride (VDAC). The swelling behaviors of organoclays in styrene were compared by(More)
The synthesis of nanocomposites via emulsion polymerization was investigated using methyl methacrylate (MMA) monomer, 10 wt % montmorillonite (MMT) clay, and a zwitterionic surfactant octadecyl dimethyl betaine (C18DMB). The particle size of the diluted polymer emulsion was about 550 nm, as determined by light scattering, while the sample without clay had a(More)
AIM To evaluate two nanoparticle-enhanced polymer root-end filling materials (NERP1 and NERP2) on the initial apical seal as compared to a polymer-based commercial compomer. METHODOLOGY One hundred and forty extracted roots with completely formed apices were resected 3 mm from the apex. Cavities were then prepared in the apical openings of the resected(More)
The mean-field, lattice-based model of polymer melt intercalation in organically-modified layered silicates (OLS) originally developed by Vaia and Giannelis was applied for different polymers such as poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA), polypropylene (PP), and poly(ethylene oxide) (PEO). The nature of each polymer controls significantly the intercalation of(More)
A novel platform of anionic polymeric surfactants, poly(4HBA-oca(-)Na(+)), poly(4HBA-dea(-)Na(+)), and poly(4HBA-doa(-)Na(+)), has been synthesized by polymerizing benzoxazine monomers that are synthesized by reacting an aliphatic amine of variable chain length (C8, C10 and C12), with 4-hydroxybenzoic acid and paraformaldehyde. The structures of the(More)
Fully atomistic molecular dynamic simulations were performed to address the self-assembly of amphiphilic and comb-like polybenzoxazines (iBnXz) in water, with i = 3 (trimer), i = 4 (tetramer); i = 6 (hexamer), i = 8 (octamer), and i = 10 (decamer). Spontaneous aggregation of these comb-like polybenzoxazine molecules into a single micelle occurs in the(More)
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