Syed Nudrat Nawaid Shah

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Accurate fetal weight estimation is important in preventing and managing fetal and maternal complications. Many fetal weight formulae have been derived, but none seems to be accurate enough to be applied globally for all ranges of fetal weight. Major factors causing errors in fetal weight estimation include inappropriately derived equations not considering(More)
Introduction The landmark discovery that control of autonomic physiology could be ‘learned’ using biofeedback was first demonstrated with heart rate [1,2]. Biofeedback control has since been demonstrated with physiological variables such as regional cerebral blood flow, and end tidal carbon dioxide, with therapeutic application in conditions including(More)
OBJECTIVE Idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH) is commonly associated with venous sinus stenosis. In recent years, transvenous dural venous sinus stent (DVSS) insertion has emerged as a potential therapy for resistant cases. However, there remains considerable uncertainty over the safety and efficacy of this procedure, in particular the incidence of(More)
Introduction Chiari malformation (CM) describes cerebellar tonsillar descent below the level of the foramen magnum. It is commonly associated with syringomyelia and often presents with headache (1). The conventional surgical treatment for symptomatic patients is foramen magnum decompression (FMD) (2) which carries a significant burden of operative morbidity(More)
Introduction Although invasive intracranial pressure monitoring (ICPM) has been a mainstay in the management of traumatic brain injury for a number of years, its use in an elective or emergency setting to guide management of patients with hydrocephalus and other CSF disorders is a relatively new concept. This single centre experience examines the safety(More)
Introduction Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leak following spinal surgery is a relatively common surgical complication. A small group of CSF leak patients require multiple surgical repairs and prolonged hospital admission. Spinal CSF leaks are usually classically associated with symptoms of low intracranial pressure (ICP). However, there is a paucity of(More)
Introduction All cause mortality increases with lower levels of estimated glomerular filtration rates. As part of a comorbidity focus, we assessed the eGFR in CSF-flow disorder patients guided by NICE recommendations, current literature recognising a relative hazard ratio per 15mls/min decrease in eGFR of 1.04[1] and consideration of the 2010 Chronic Kidney(More)
Introduction Benign Intracranial hypertension (BIH) is commonly associated with venous sinus stenosis. Increasingly, this is treated endovascularly with stent insertion. However, this treatment modality is still controversial. Clinical improvement post stent insertion has been described. Little is known about long-term control of intracranial pressure(More)
Introduction Venous sinus stent insertion is being increasingly used as a primary treatment for intracranial hypertension patients (BIH). However, the value of this treatment modality is still controversial. This study looks into the difference in effectiveness of stents inserted as a primary procedure and those inserted in patients who already had(More)
Method Data was collected as a retrospective case analysis and converted to the ICD-10 Charlson Comorbidity Index (CCI) which predicts the ten-year mortality for a patient with a range of comorbid conditions and the American Society of Anaesthesiologists (ASA) grade. Factors assessed past medical history, polypharmacy, pre-operative haemoglobin, duration(More)