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Foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) is a highly contagious disease of cloven-hoofed animals including cattle, pigs, sheep and many wildlife species. It can cause enormous economic losses when incursions occur into countries which are normally disease free. In addition, it has long-term effects within countries where the disease is endemic due to reduced animal(More)
BACKGROUND Foot and mouth disease is an economically important disease of cloven-hoofed animals including cattle, sheep and pigs. It is caused by a picornavirus, foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV), which has a positive sense RNA genome which, when introduced into cells, can initiate virus replication. PRINCIPAL FINDINGS A system has been developed to(More)
Foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) is endemic in Pakistan and Afghanistan. Three different serotypes of the virus, namely O, A and Asia-1, are responsible for the outbreaks of this disease in these countries. In the present study, the nucleotide-coding sequences for the VP1 capsid protein (69 samples) or for all four capsid proteins (P1, seven representative(More)
Brucellosis is endemic in bovines in Pakistan. The Brucella species and biovars involved, however, are unknown. The objectives of the present study were to isolate and characterize brucellae from seropositive milk samples, aborted fetuses, and vaginal swabs of cattle and buffaloes which had recently aborted. The seropositive milk samples, aborted fetuses,(More)
The present study reports the distribution of different serotypes of foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV) in Pakistan during the period 1952–2007. During this time, a total of 1,543 epithelial samples out of 2,484 tested were found positive for various serotypes of FMDV. Serotype O was found to be the most prevalent (p < 0.001) followed by serotype Asia-1(More)
Hereditary hypotrichosis is a rare autosomal recessive condition characterized clinically by alopecia. Three consanguineous kindreds with multiple affected individuals were ascertained from different regions of Pakistan. A novel hypotrichosis locus was mapped to a 5.5 cM region on chromosome 18q21.1. A maximum two-point LOD score of 5.25 was obtained at(More)
We report a consanguineous Pakistani family with seven affected individuals showing a syndromic form of congenital microcephaly. Clinical features of affected individuals include congenital microcephaly with sharply slopping forehead, moderate to severe mental retardation, anonychia congenita, and digital malformations. By screening human genome with(More)
One of the most challenging aspects of foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) control is the high genetic variability of the FMD virus (FMDV). In endemic settings such as the Indian subcontinent, this variability has resulted in the emergence of pandemic strains that have spread widely and caused devastating outbreaks in disease-free areas. In countries trying to(More)
Foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) is endemic in Pakistan and Afghanistan. The FMD virus serotypes O, A and Asia-1 are responsible for the outbreaks in these countries. Diverse strains of FMDV, even within the same serotype, co-circulate. Characterization of the viruses in circulation can facilitate appropriate vaccine selection and tracing of outbreaks. The(More)
The present investigation included a detailed description of the factors directly associated with PPRV infection in Pakistan. A total of 1,056 suspected serum samples were analyzed for the presence of antibodies to PPRV with no history of vaccination against PPR. The samples were collected from sixty two (62) suspected outbreaks from twenty five (25) major(More)