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The polyamines putrescine, spermidine and spermine (SPM) are low molecular weight organic cations that play essential intracellular regulatory roles in cell growth and differentiation. Whereas both de novo polyamine synthesis and transmembrane transport regulate cell polyamine contents, exploitation of pathways as pharmacologic targets has been limited by(More)
Oxidative stress may be involved in monocrotaline (MCT)-induced endothelial cell injury and upregulation of extracellular matrix proteins in the pulmonary vasculature. To test this hypothesis, cytotoxicity, expression and distribution of tenascin (TN) as well as cellular oxidation were determined in porcine pulmonary artery endothelial cells (PAECs) exposed(More)
The polyamines putrescine (PUT), spermidine (SPD), and spermine (SPM) are a family of low molecular weight organic cations that play essential intracellular regulatory roles in cell growth and differentiation. Consistent with this important function, increases in cellular polyamine contents are necessary for a variety of physiologic and pathologic events in(More)
Despite the serious pulmonary manifestations of early onset group B streptococcal (GBS) sepsis, it is not known whether the organism distributes into lung tissue and whether adverse pulmonary hemodynamic abnormalities relate to an interaction between the organism and target cells in the pulmonary vascular bed. Accordingly, this study evaluated the(More)
Peptides containing the extracellular matrix peptide cell attachment sequence RGD possess potent, endothelium-dependent vasorelaxant properties. In the present study, the ability of RGD-containing peptides to cause vasorelaxation in the presence and absence of a functional endothelium was examined in rat aortic rings along with the ability of RGD-containing(More)
The use of a combination of monofluorescein adducts of spermidine (FL-SPD) and spermine (FL-SPM) with confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM) provides a useful means for monitoring the fate and time-dependent changes in the distribution of transported polyamines within living cells. Polyamine-fluorescein adducts were synthesized from fluorescein(More)
The hypoxic model of pulmonary hypertension was used to examine temporal alterations in the deposition of the basement membrane (BM) and components of fibronectin, laminin, and Type IV collagen within vascular, airway, and gas exchange compartments of the lung. Because hypoxic pulmonary hypertension is a reversible model of hypertension, changes in(More)
1. GABAB agonists inhibit neuronal processes which are important in the pathogenesis of airway disease, such as bronchospasm. Cough is a prominent symptom of pulmonary disease, but the effects of GABAB agonists on this airway reflex are unknown. Experiments were conducted to determine the antitussive effect of GABAB receptor agonists in comparison to the(More)
The influence of aerosols of Ruthenium red (RR) on capsaicin- and citric acid-induced cough was investigated in guinea pigs. Aerosols of RR (0.3, 1, 3%) reduced capsaicin-induced cough in dose-dependent manner. Inhalation of RR also reduced cough produced by low, (200 mM) but not high (550 mM), concentrations of citric acid. These data suggest that RR is(More)
Increased arterial wall polyamine content has been linked to intimal hyperplasia (IH) formation. Intracellular polyamine content may be regulated by a polyamine transmembrane transport mechanism, but the existence of such a system has not been demonstrated in systemic arterial smooth muscle cells. This study characterizes polyamine transport as found in rat(More)