Syed Ghulam Sarwar Shah

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OBJECTIVES This study investigated the benefits of and barriers to user involvement in medical device technology development and evaluation. METHODS A structured review of published literature in peer-reviewed journals was conducted. RESULTS This literature review revealed that the main benefits of user involvement were an increased access to user(More)
PURPOSE Medical device users are one of the principal medical device technology stakeholders. The involvement of users in medical device technology development and assessment is central to meet their needs. This study aims to examine this issue. DESIGN/METHODOLOGY/APPROACH A structured review of the literature published from 1980 to 2005 in peer-reviewed(More)
OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to suggest an acceptable and generic theoretical framework for involving various types of users in the medical device technology (MDT) development process (MDTDP). METHODS The authors propose a theoretical framework suggesting different routes, methods and stages through which various types of medical device users can(More)
BACKGROUND Patients on oral anticoagulant therapy (OAT) require regular testing of the prothrombin time (PT) and the international normalised ratio (INR) to monitor their blood coagulation level to avoid complications of either over or under coagulation. PT/INR can be tested by a healthcare professional or by the patient. The latter mode of the testing is(More)
Manchar Lake is the largest natural freshwater lake in Pakistan. The Lake has received less fresh water in past few years. In addition, drainage water is being discharged in the Lake through Main Nara Valley Drain (MNVD) since many years. Consequently, concern has grown regarding the water quality of the Lake. The aim of this study was to assess the water(More)
BACKGROUND Initiatives in the UK to enable patients to access their electronic health records (EHRs) are gathering momentum. All citizens of the European Union should have access to their records by 2015, a target that the UK has endorsed. OBJECTIVES To identify the ways in which patients used their access to their EHRs, what they sought to achieve, and(More)
PURPOSE To identify factors that determine patients' intentions to use point-of-care medical devices, ie, portable coagulometer devices for self-testing of the international normalized ratio (INR) required for ongoing monitoring of blood-coagulation intensity among patients on long-term oral anticoagulation therapy with vitamin K antagonists, eg, warfarin.(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The safe use of therapeutic diathermy requires practices and procedures that ensure compliance to professional guidelines and clinical evidence. Inappropriate use may expose physiotherapists and other people in the vicinity of operating diathermy devices to stray radiofrequency electromagnetic fields, which can be a source of risk and(More)
We reviewed studies reporting the strength of radiofrequency (RF) electromagnetic fields (EMF) in physiotherapists' occupational environment. Studies from academic journals published from January 1990 to June 2010 were identified in nine online bibliographic databases. EMF strength was compared with occupational exposure limits (OELs) recommended by the(More)