Syed Faisal Ahmed

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Androgen insensitivity syndrome (AIS) is the most common single entity that results in male under-masculinization, but large cohort studies of AIS have rarely been performed. Over the last decade, nationwide cooperation between pediatric endocrinologists in the United Kingdom has allowed the creation of a database of cases of intersex and ambiguous(More)
CONTEXT The focus of care in disorders of sex development (DSD) is often directed to issues related to sex and gender development. In addition, the molecular etiology remains unclear in the majority of cases. OBJECTIVE To report the range of associated conditions identified in the international DSD (I-DSD) Registry. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PATIENTS(More)
Childhood chronic inflammatory disease can be associated with transient and permanent growth retardation. This study examined the potential for spontaneous growth recovery following pro-inflammatory cytokine exposure. Murine ATDC5 chondrogenic cells and postnatal metatarsals were exposed to interleukin (IL)-1beta, IL-6 and tumour necrosis factor-alpha(More)
Glucocorticoids (GC) are used extensively in children and may cause growth retardation, which is in part due to the direct effects of GC on the growth plate. We characterised the ATDC5 chondrocyte cell line, which mimics the in vivo process of longitudinal bone growth, to examine the effects of dexamethasone (Dex) and prednisolone (Pred) during two key time(More)
It is paramount that any child or adolescent with a suspected disorder of sex development (DSD) is assessed by an experienced clinician with adequate knowledge about the range of conditions associated with DSD. If there is any doubt, the case should be discussed with the regional team. In most cases, particularly in the case of the newborn, the paediatric(More)
Glucocorticoids (GC) are commonly used anti-inflammatory drugs, but long-term use can result in marked growth retardation in children due to their actions on growth plate chondrocytes. To gain an insight into the mechanisms involved in GC-induced growth retardation, we performed Affymetrix microarray analysis of the murine chondrogenic cell line ATDC5,(More)
Proinflammatory cytokines inhibit growth plate development. However, their underlying mechanisms of action are unclear. These effects may be mediated by ceramide, a sphingosine-based lipid second messenger, which is elevated in a number of chronic inflammatory diseases. To test this hypothesis, we determined the effects of C2-ceramide, a cell permeable(More)
OBJECTIVES This study aimed to identify the prevalence and characteristics of rib fractures in ex-preterm infants. METHODS Infants born at <37 weeks' gestation and admitted before 2011 to 3 regional neonatal units were identified from admission registers. For 2 centers, these data were available from 2000 onward and, for another center, from 2005.(More)
Children with chronic inflammatory diseases, such as juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA), suffer from a variety of growth disorders. These range from general growth retardation to local acceleration of growth in the affected limb. These disorders are associated with the increased production of proinflammatory cytokines, which may influence growth through a(More)
The suppressor of cytokine signalling (Socs2(-/-))-knockout mouse is characterised by an overgrowth phenotype due to enhanced GH signalling. The objective of this study was to define the Socs2(-/-) bone phenotype and determine whether GH promotes bone mass via IGF1-dependent mechanisms. Despite no elevation in systemic IGF1 levels, increased body weight in(More)