Syed Ashraf Imam

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Antigen retrieval (AR) incorporating high-temperature microwave (MW) heating of tissue sections before immunostaining is a revolutionary technique that can unmask the antigens in formalin-fixed tissue sections, thus making them available for immunohistochemical staining. Although high temperature is believed to be the primary mechanism in retrieval of(More)
BACKGROUND The expression of E-cadherin in the intercellular adhesion of metastatic prostate cancer cells in bone, which is the most prevalent site of metastatic growth, remains elusive. METHODS The aim of the study was to compare the concurrent membranous expression of E-cadherin and beta-catenin proteins, the state which is known to be associated with(More)
The present study compared two microwave based antigen-retrieval solutions in their ability to unmask antigenic determinants in formalin-fixed and paraffin-embedded tissues for Immunostaining. In this regard, two widely used antigen-retrieval solutions, namely 0.05 M glycine-HCl buffer, pH 3.6, containing 0.01% (w/v) (EDTA) and 0.1 M sodium citrate buffer,(More)
This study examines the role of LEF1, a component of the Wnt signaling pathway, in human breast and murine mammary carcinoma and its relationship to ErbB2 (her-2/neu) expression. Mammary tissue and tumors from 5 different Wnt pathway-activated transgenic mouse strains and 5 different ErbB2 pathway-activated transgenic mouse strains were studied for the(More)
Different variations of the antigen retrieval technique using different retrieval solutions have been evaluated for their effectiveness in restoring the antigenicity of six intranuclear antigens, each of which is a potentially valuable prognostic indicator in formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tissue sections. The results of immunohistochemical staining for(More)
Histological staining of reactive stroma has been shown to be a predictor of biochemical recurrence in prostate cancer, however, molecular markers of the stromal response to prostate cancer have not yet been fully delineated. The objective of this study was to determine whether or not the stromal biomarkers detected with a thioredoxin-targeted nanodevice(More)
The purpose of the study was to determine systematically the expression of telomerase activity and the length of telomere repeat arrays by utilizing two different cell culture models that derive from normal individual donors, and probably represent various stages of human breast oncogenesis in cell culture. The models consist of mortal, non-tumorigenic(More)
BACKGROUND Telomeres that protect chromosomes at both ends are shortened with each somatic cell division through replication-dependent sequence loss at DNA termini. The chromosomes with shortened telomeres tend to become unstable, leading to cell death. Due largely to reactivation/upregulation of telomerase, a ribonucleoprotein that adds nucleotide(More)
AIMS Since many biomarkers of both the tumor and its microenvironment are expected to involve differential expression of divalent proteins capable of protein or peptide ligand interaction, we are developing multivalent nanodevices for the identification of biomarkers in prostate cancer. PATIENTS & METHODS We compared a multivalent thioredoxin-targeted(More)