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OBJECTIVE An animal model was used to investigate an autoimmune etiology for some cases of Tourette's syndrome. METHOD Sera from 12 patients with Tourette's syndrome with high levels of antineural or antinuclear antibodies were infused bilaterally into the ventrolateral striatum of rats. Sera from 12 additional Tourette's syndrome patients and 12 normal(More)
BACKGROUND The hypothesis that common infections can modulate the onset and course of tic disorders and early-onset obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) in pediatric populations is longstanding. To date, most investigations have focused on the hypothesis of molecular mimicry and humoral immune responses. This study was carried out to investigate whether(More)
An autoimmune-mediated mechanism has been proposed for several pediatric movement disorders. In a three-center (Brown, Yale, and Johns Hopkins) collaborative effort, serum antineuronal antibodies (ANAb) were measured by use of ELISA or immunohistochemical techniques on 35 children (mean age 11.4 years) with Tourette syndrome, attention deficit hyperactivity(More)
Thyrotropin receptor autoantibodies (TSHR-Abs) of the stimulating variety are the hallmark of Graves' disease. The presence of immune defects leading to synthesis of TSHR-Abs causes hyperthyroidism and is associated with other extrathyroidal manifestations. Further characterization of these antibodies has now been made possible by the generation of(More)
BACKGROUND The thyrotropin stimulating hormone receptor (TSHR) is a G protein coupled receptor (GPCR) with a large ectodomain. The ligand, TSH, acting via this receptor regulates thyroid growth and thyroid hormone production and secretion. The TSH receptor (TSHR) undergoes complex post-translational modifications including intramolecular cleavage and(More)
To circumvent the long-term effects of papillary ablation for extracting common bile duct stones (< 12 mm in diameter) in endoscopic sphincterotomy (EST), endoscopic papillary dilation (EPD) was attempted in 20 patients. To evaluate papillary function before and after the procedures, manometry of the sphincter of Oddi was carried out in 13 with EPD and 10(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Antibodies to nuclear antigens have not been fully characterized in autoimmune hepatitis. The aims of this study were to determine the different patterns of immunofluorescence associated with antinuclear antibodies and to correlate these patterns with reactivities to recombinant nuclear antigens and clinical manifestations of autoimmune(More)
BACKGROUND We have shown that thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) has a direct inhibitory effect on osteoclastic bone resorption and that TSH receptor (TSHR) null mice display osteoporosis. To determine the stage of osteoclast development at which TSH may exert its effect, we examined the influence of TSH and agonist TSHR antibodies (TSHR-Ab) on osteoclast(More)
To determine the significance of antibodies to single-stranded (anti-ssDNA) and double-stranded DNA (anti-dsDNA) in antinuclear antibody (ANA)-positive type 1 autoimmune hepatitis, sera from 53 patients were tested by enzyme immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and indirect immunofluorescence using the Crithidia luciliae substrate. Anti-dsDNA were detected in 18(More)
Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC, n = 26), formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded liver tissues (n = 11) and saliva (n = 15) of primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC) patients were used for the detection of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) sequences by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay. The semiquantitative analysis of EBV-DNA was also carried out in a(More)