Sydney Shoemaker

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It has been said that the history of western philosophy is a series of footnotes to Plato. Whatever truth there may be in this, there is surely much more truth in the claim that the history of the topic of personal identity has been a series of footnotes to Locke. There are two major strands to that history. One is a series of accounts of personal identity(More)
Introduction What is the role of consciousness in our introspective lives? In this paper, I will focus on the role of conscious judgment in giving us access to our standing non-conscious beliefs. The view I will defend is a special case of a more general position in the epistemology of introspection. I will start by sketching the general view, and then give(More)
Neo-Cartesian approaches to belief place greater evidential weight on a subject's introspective judgments than do neo-behaviorist accounts. As a result, the two views differ on whether our absent-minded and weak-willed actions are guided by belief. I argue that simulationist accounts of the concept of belief are committed to neo-Cartesianism, and, though(More)
Levels of nerve growth factor (NGF) and neurotrophin-3 (NT-3) protein and neurotrophin receptor mRNA in adult sympathetic neurons were investigated following surgical removal of preganglionic input and/or in vivo administration of NGF. Expression of trkC and p75, but not trkA, was significantly decreased following a 3-week deafferentation of the superior(More)
The present study investigated the potential for neurotrophin uptake by cerebrovascular axons and subsequent accumulation in the aged superior cervical ganglion (SCG) following a two week intracerebroventricular infusion of nerve growth factor (NGF). In the SCG from aged rats, NGF protein levels declined significantly compared with the SCG from young adult(More)
A role for nerve growth factor (NGF) in the remodeling of sensory neurons in the trigeminal ganglion was examined. Intracerebroventricular NGF infusion and/or bilateral removal of the sympathetic superior cervical ganglia, both of which are believed to increase the availability of NGF to primary sensory neurons, resulted in a significant increase in the(More)
The objective of the present study was to examine the remodeling of uninjured sympathetic axons in the adult rat trigeminal ganglion following a 2-week in vivo intracerebroventricular infusion of NGF. The accumulation of infused NGF in the trigeminal was assessed using ELISA and sympathetic fibers were localized immunohistochemically with an antibody to(More)
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