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Inflammatory stimulation of endothelial cells by tumor necrosis factor ␣ (TNF-␣) involves activation of nuclear factor ␬B (NF-␬B) and p38 mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase signaling pathways. A reliable analysis of the gene expression program elicited by TNF-␣ and its assignment to distinct signaling pathways is not available. A sophisticated analysis(More)
To identify the muscarinic subtype present on the rat pancreatic acinar cell, we examined the effects of different muscarinic receptor antagonists on amylase secretion and proteolytic zymogen processing in isolated rat pancreatic acini. Maximal zymogen processing required a concentration of carbachol 10- to 100-fold greater (10(-3) M) than that required for(More)
Subcutaneous Interferon-beta (IFN-beta) injections for the treatment of multiple sclerosis (MS) frequently cause inflammatory injection site reactions. To study the role of chemokines we obtained skin biopsies from 7 MS patients 24 h after injection. At the IFN-beta but not at the contralateral placebo injection sites, we observed strong IP-10/CXCL10 and(More)
The relevance of the diversity of endothelial cells (ECs) for the response to inflammatory stimuli is currently not well defined. Using oligonucleotide microarray technique, we systematically analyzed the tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-induced expression profile in human microvascular ECs (HMEC) and macrovascular human umbilical vein ECs (HUVEC), analyzing(More)
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