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The antibiotic, D-cycloserine has been shown to be a partial agonist at the N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA)-coupled, strychnine-insensitive glycine receptor by in vitro receptor binding. This partial agonism was further investigated in an in vivo system, by monitoring changes in levels of cyclic guanosine-monophosphate (cGMP), a well characterized second(More)
The synthesis of nitric oxide by brain slices has been demonstrated in several laboratories. In addition, in vitro studies have demonstrated stimulation of nitric oxide synthesis by excitatory amino acid receptor agonists. These data have led to the hypothesis that this readily diffusible "intercellular messenger molecule" acts to generate a cascade effect(More)
Given the efficacy of medications that interact with the serotonin transporter (5-HTT) in the treatment of panic disorder, we have used a family-based design to test for genetic association and linkage between panic disorder and a functional polymorphism in the promoter of the gene for 5-HTT. In this study, 340 individuals in 45 families, as well as 74(More)
The sigma receptor ligands, (+)-pentazocine and (+)-SKF 10,047, were found to increase dopamine metabolism (DOPAC, HVA) and release (3-MT) in both the striatum and olfactory tubercle of the rat, in a dose-dependent manner, after central as well as peripheral administration. The effect of (+)-SKF 10,047 was stereospecific. The increase in dopamine metabolism(More)
Direct intracerebellar injections of N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) or D-serine elicited dose-dependent increases in cerebellar cyclic GMP levels, in vivo in the mouse. The actions of D-serine were antagonized by the competitive NMDA receptor antagonist 3-(2-carboxypiperazin-4-yl) propyl-1-phosphonic acid and by the phencyclidine receptor agonist MK-801,(More)
Excitatory amino acids have been known to increase pituitary secretion of LH in vivo and are probably involved in the neuroendocrine regulation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis. We have found that systemic administration of the excitatory amino acid agonist N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) evokes a transient and profound increase in circulating levels(More)
The present report investigates the modulation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis in the rat by sigma receptors, using a selective ligand, (+) pentazocine, and comparing the effects with (+) SKF 10, 047. Both compounds stimulate ACTH release potently after central and peripheral administration. These effects are centrally mediated, since they(More)
Direct intracerebellar administration of quisqualate resulted in marked increases in levels of cGMP in the cerebellum of the mouse, with a Hill number of 2.0. Quinoxalinediones, DNQX (6,7-dinitroquinoxaline-2,3-dione) and CNQX (6-nitro,7-cyanoquinoxaline-2,3-dione) attenuated the quisqualate-induced response. 6,7-Dinitroquinoxaline-2,3-dione also attenuated(More)
Direct intracerebellar (icb) administration of glycine, glycinamide and D-serine produced time- and dose-dependent changes in mouse cerebellar cGMP levels, indicating a modulation of ongoing neuronal activity through the NMDA receptor complex. Intracerebroventricular administration of glycinamide also produced a time-dependent change in cGMP levels,(More)