Sybille Duret

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To determine whether homologous recombination could be used to inactivate selected genes in Spiroplasma citri, plasmid constructs were designed to disrupt the motility gene scm1. An internal scm1 gene fragment was inserted into plasmid pKT1, which replicates in Escherichia coli but not in S. citri, and into the S. citri oriC plasmid pBOT1, which replicates(More)
Spiralin is the most abundant protein at the surface of the plant pathogenic mollicute Spiroplasma citri and hence might play a role in the interactions of the spiroplasma with its host plant and/or its insect vector. To study spiralin function, mutants were produced by inactivating the spiralin gene through homologous recombination. A spiralin-green(More)
The replication region (oriC) of the Spiroplasma citri chromosome has been recently sequenced, and a 2-kbp DNA fragment was characterized as an autonomously replicating sequence (F. Ye, J. Renaudin, J. M. Bové, and F. Laigret, Curr. Microbiol. 29:23-29, 1994). In the present studies, we have combined this DNA fragment, containing the dnaA gene and the(More)
The assembly of 20,000 sequencing reads obtained from shotgun and chromosome-specific libraries of the Spiroplasma citri genome yielded 77 chromosomal contigs totaling 1,674 kbp (92%) of the 1,820-kbp chromosome. The largest chromosomal contigs were positioned on the physical and genetic maps constructed from pulsed-field gel electrophoresis and Southern(More)
In Spiroplasma citri gene inactivation through homologous recombination has been achieved by using the replicative, oriC plasmid pBOT1 as the disruption vector. However, plasmid recombination required extensive passaging of the transformants and, in most cases, recombination occurred at oriC rather than at the target gene. In the current study, we describe(More)
In Spiroplasma citri, where homologous recombination is inefficient, specific gene targeting could only be achieved by using replicative, oriC plasmids. To improve the probability of selecting rare recombination events without fastidious, extensive passaging of the transformants, a new targeting vector was constructed, which was used to inactivate the crr(More)
Inducible promoter systems are powerful tools for studying gene function in prokaryotes but have never been shown to function in mollicutes. In this study we evaluated the efficacy of the tetracycline-inducible promoter Pxyl/tetO(2) from Bacillus subtilis in controlling gene expression in two mollicutes, the plant pathogen Spiroplasma citri and the animal(More)
Spiroplasma citri is a plant pathogenic mollicute transmitted by the leafhopper vector Circulifer haematoceps. Successful transmission requires the spiroplasmas to cross the intestinal epithelium and salivary gland barriers through endocytosis mediated by receptor-ligand interactions. To characterize these interactions we studied the adhesion and invasion(More)
Spiroplasma citri strain GII3 contains seven plasmids, pSciA and pSci1-6, that share extensive regions of sequence homology and display a mosaic gene organization. Plasmid pSci2 comprises 12 coding sequences (CDS), three of which encode polypeptides homologous to proteins Soj/ParA, involved in chromosome partitioning, and TrsE and Mob/TraG, implicated in(More)