Sybil L. Hart

Learn More
The present study assessed the effects of massage therapy on depression, functionality, upper body muscle strength and range of motion on spinal cord injury patients. Twenty C5 through C7 spinal cord injury individuals recruited from a University outpatient clinic were randomly assigned to a massage therapy group or an exercise group. Patients in the(More)
When intrusive and withdrawn mothers with depressive symptoms modeled happy, surprised, and sad expressions, their 3-month-old infants did not differentially respond to these expressions or show EEG changes. When a stranger modeled these expressions, the infants of intrusive vs. withdrawn mothers looked more at the surprised and sad expressions and showed(More)
Responses to emotion-inducing stimuli were examined in 27, 3- to 6-year-old children, who were prenatally exposed to cocaine, and 27 unexposed controls. Children were monitored for EEG activity and their affect during an infant crying, simulated maternal distress, and a mildly frustrating task. Multivariate analyses indicated that the cocaine-exposed(More)
This study examined the effects of the verbal labels procedure and vocabulary skills on low-socioeconomic status (SES) preschool children's eyewitness memory. Children (N = 176) aged 3-5 years witnessed a conflict event and were then questioned about it in either a standard or a verbal labels interview. Findings revealed that children with higher rather(More)
Active, focused involvement with toys has been associated with later cognitive development (Ruff & Rothbart, 1996; Yarrow, Morgan, Jennings, Harmon, & Gaiter, 1982). A deficit in active toy exploration is a sensitive indicator of risk in infants as young as 1 year (Landry & Chapieski, 1988; Ruff, McCarton, Kurtzberg, & Vaughn, 1984). One-year-olds’ focused(More)
OBJECTIVES Following studies conducted during the immediate newborn stage, we investigated whether one-week-olds' neurobehavioral functioning was differentiated by feeding method. We also examined whether feeding-method effects differed among infants of adolescent mothers. METHOD Participants were infants (N = 83) of breast-feeding (N = 41) and(More)
Getting a toddler to comply with instructions is a common task for mothers, and one that may evoke different parenting styles as early as toddlerhood. In the present study, depressed adolescent mothers were classified by the “parenting styles” defined by Baumrind (1991) as authoritative, authoritarian, permissive, or disengaged based on their behavior(More)
OBJECTIVE To explore depressed mood in the breastfeeding dyad. METHOD N = 50 mothers of 12-day-olds reported depressed mood (EPDS) and anxiety (STAI), then were videotaped while breastfeeding. Infants were weighed before and after breastfeeding. RESULTS An ANCOVA on weight gain, which controlled for infant age and birth weight, found EPDS inversely(More)
To determine whether atypical jealousy responses in infants of depressed mothers are differentiated by maternal nonoptimal interactive profiles, 12-month-old infants of intrusive-depressed and withdrawn-depressed mothers were observed with their mothers and a stranger in two contexts. In the first, infants were fully ignored in a less stressful context in(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess whether natural variations in decosahexaenoic acid (DHA) levels in breast milk would relate to infant neurobehavioral outcomes at the newborn stage following equivocal findings on infant and toddler outcomes of exposure to DHA in formula and breast milk. METHODS Breast milk samples from N = 20 mothers were collected 9 days after(More)