Sybil Ann Klaus

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OBJECTIVE To determine incidence and clinical characteristics of hospital-associated venous thromboembolism (VTE) in pediatric patients. STUDY DESIGN A retrospective analysis of patients with hospital-associated VTE at the Johns Hopkins Hospital from 1994 to 2009 was performed. Clinical characteristics of patients aged 21 years and younger who developed(More)
Dexmedetomidine is a highly selective α 2-adrenoceptor agonist used for sedation due to its anxiolytic and analgesic properties without respiratory compromise. Due to its structural similarity to etomidate, there has been concern that dexmedetomidine may cause adrenal insufficiency. This concern was initially supported by animal studies, but subsequent(More)
BACKGROUND Neuromuscular scoliosis is a known risk factor for surgical site infection (SSI) after spinal fusion, with reported infection rates as high as 11.2%. Although risk factors such as antibiotic timing have been previously addressed, our objective was to identify intrinsic risk factors for SSI in cerebral palsy (CP) patients with neuromuscular(More)
Importance Sepsis and septic shock are common and, at times, fatal in pediatrics. Blood cultures are often obtained when clinicians suspect sepsis, yet are low-yield with a false-positive rate up to 50%. Objectives To determine whether a novel, 2-part, clinical practice guideline could decrease the rates of total blood cultures and cultures collected from(More)
BACKGROUND Although prior studies support the use of a hemoglobin (Hb) transfusion trigger of 7 to 8 g/dL for most hospitalized adults, there are few studies in pediatric populations. We therefore investigated transfusion practices and Hb triggers in hospitalized children. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS We performed a historical cohort study comparing(More)
A retrospective chart review compared data on neonates with physiologic jaundice admitted for phototherapy at a children's hospital. Those infants who received intravenous fluids (IVF) had significantly longer lengths of stay, higher initial bilirubin levels, and were more dehydrated than those babies who did not receive IVF.
PURPOSE The benefits of hospitalist co-management of pediatric surgical patients include bettering patient safety, decreasing negative patient outcomes, providing comprehensive medical care, and establishing a dedicated resource to patients for postoperative care. The purpose of this study was to characterize the nature of patients co-managed by a pediatric(More)
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