Syamantak Majumder

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Epigenetic regulation of oxidative stress is emerging as a critical mediator of diabetic nephropathy. In diabetes, oxidative damage occurs when there is an imbalance between reactive oxygen species generation and enzymatic antioxidant repair. Here, we investigated the function of the histone methyltransferase enzyme enhancer of zeste homolog 2 (EZH2) in(More)
Cadmium (Cd) perturbs vascular health and interferes with endothelial function. However, the effects of exposing endothelial cells to low doses of Cd on the production of nitric oxide (NO) are largely unknown. The objective of the present study was to evaluate these effects by using low levels of CdCl2 concentrations, ranging from 10 to 1000 nmol/L. Cd(More)
Cadmium, a ubiquitous heavy metal, interferes with endothelial functions and angiogenesis. Bradykinin is a Ca-mobilizing soluble peptide that acts via nitric oxide to promote vasodilation and capillary permeability. The objective of the present study was to explore the Cd implications in bradykinin-dependent endothelial functions. An egg yolk angiogenesis(More)
This study aims to investigate the role of shear stress in cellular remodeling and angiogenesis with relation to nitric oxide (NO). We observed a 2-fold increase in endothelial cell (EC) migration in relation to actin re-arrangements under 15 dyne/cm(2) shear stress. Blocking NO production inhibited the migration and ring formation of ECs by 6-fold and(More)
Rho GTPases are a globular, monomeric group of small signaling G-protein molecules. Rho-associated protein kinase/Rho-kinase (ROCK) is a downstream effector protein of the Rho GTPase. Rho-kinases are the potential therapeutic targets in the treatment of cardiovascular diseases. Here, we have primarily discussed the intriguing roles of ROCK in cardiovascular(More)
Discovery of common pathways that mediate both pancreatic β-cell function and end-organ function offers the opportunity to develop therapies that modulate glucose homeostasis and separately slow the development of diabetes complications. Here, we investigated the in vitro and in vivo effects of pharmacological agonism of the prostaglandin I2 (IP) receptor(More)
OBJECTIVE Recent evidence suggests G-protein-coupled receptor-2-interacting protein-1 (GIT1) overexpression in several human metastatic tumors, including breast, lung, and prostate. Tumor metastasis is associated with an increase in angiogenesis. We have showed previously that GIT1 is required for postnatal angiogenesis during lung development. However, the(More)
Like many organs, the kidney stiffens after injury, a process that is increasingly recognized as an important driver of fibrogenesis. Yes-associated protein (YAP) and transcriptional coactivator with PDZ-binding motif (TAZ) are related mechanosensory proteins that bind to Smad transcription factors, the canonical mediators of profibrotic TGF-β responses.(More)
Angiogenesis is a physiological process involving the growth of blood vessel in response to specific stimuli. The present study shows that limited microgravity treatments induce angiogenesis by activating macrovascular endothelial cells. Inhibition of nitric oxide production using pharmacological inhibitors and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) small(More)
OBJECTIVE The G-protein-coupled receptor kinase interacting protein-1 (GIT1) is a scaffold protein that is important for phospholipase Cγ and extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2 signaling induced by angiotensin II and epidermal growth factor. Because GIT1 regulates signaling by several vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) growth factors, we hypothesized(More)