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Heart failure is a common cardiovascular disease with high morbidity and mortality. Unlike western countries where heart failure is predominantly a disease of the elderly, in India it affects younger age group. Important risk factors include coronary artery disease, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, valvular heart disease and cardiomyopathies. Plasma brain(More)
Recurrence of FSGS in renal allo grafts is a major cause of graft loss. In this context, we tried to diagnose and classify FSGS in renal allografts. Indications for biopsy included graft dysfunction and/or proteinuria. Three hundred and sixty-three graft biopsies were studied over a period of 2 years. We classified FSGS into recurrent FSGS, new-onset(More)
Sternum is generally regarded as resistant to infections and thus is an infrequent site of osteomyelitis. Involvement of sternum by Mycobacterium tuberculosis is rare. Sternal tuberculosis in chronic kidney disease (CKD) was not reported till date. We report a 40-year-old patient with stage IV CKD, who presented with sternal and cervical lymphnodal(More)
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES Glycosylated haemoglobin (HbA 1c ) has been in use for more than a decade, as a diagnostic test for type 2 diabetes. Validity of HbA 1c needs to be established in the ethnic population in which it is intended to be used. The objective of this study was to derive and validate a HbA 1c cut-off value for the diagnosis of type 2 diabetes(More)
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