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Growth retardation in children with chronic renal failure (CRF) is partly due to an inhibition of insulin-like growth factor (IGF) activity by an excess of high-affinity IGF-binding proteins (IGFBPs). The aim of this study was to analyze the serum levels and forms of IGFBP-4 and IGFBP-5 in CRF patients using specific, recently developed radioimmunoassays(More)
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE The fruit hull of Garcinia mangostana Linn. has been used in traditional medicine for treatment of various inflammatory diseases. Hence, this study aims to investigate the in vitro and in vivo anti-inflammatory effect of β mangostin (βM), a major compound present in Garcinia mangostana. MATERIALS AND METHODS The in silico(More)
Zerumbone (ZER), a potential anticancer compound, isolated from the fresh rhizomes of Zingiber zerumbet. In this investigation, the cytotoxic properties of ZER were evaluated, on cancer cells of human cervix (HeLa), breast and ovary, and normal cells of Chinese Hamster ovary, using MTT assay. Apoptogenic effects of ZER on HeLa were studied using(More)
BACKGROUND Mitrella kentii (M. kentii) (Bl.) Miq, is a tree-climbing liana that belongs to the family Annonaceae. The plant is rich with isoquinoline alkaloids, terpenylated dihydrochalcones and benzoic acids and has been reported to possess anti-inflammatory activity. The purpose of this study is to assess the gastroprotective effects of desmosdumotin C(More)
Zerumbone (ZER) isolated from Zingiber zerumbet was previously encapsulated with hydroxypropyl- β -cyclodextrin (HP β CD) to enhance ZER's solubility in water, thus making it highly tolerable in the human body. The anticancer effects of this new ZER-HP β CD inclusion complex via apoptosis cell death were assessed in this study for the first time in liver(More)
BACKGROUND Cervical cancer is the second most common cause of cancer death in women. We have demonstrated previously that zerumbone (ZER) has an anti-cancer effect towards human cervical cancer cells (HeLa). METHODS Anti-cancer properties of ZER were investigated using female Balb/c mice exposed prenatally to diethylstilboestrol. Female offspring have(More)
Several chalcones were synthesized and their in vitro cytotoxicity against various human cell lines, including human breast adenocarcinoma cell line MCF-7, human lung adenocarcinoma cell line A549, human prostate cancer cell line PC3, human adenocarcinoma cell line HT-29 (colorectal cancer) and human normal liver cell line WRL-68 was evaluated. Most of the(More)
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE The plant Typhonium flagelliforme (TF), commonly known as 'rodent tuber' in Malaysia, is often used as traditional remedy for cancer, including leukemia. AIM OF THE STUDY We had previously identified morphologically that the linoleic acid rich fraction (DCM/F7) from the tubers of this plant induces selective(More)
The use of evidence-based complementary and alternative medicine is increasing rapidly. Eleucine indica (EI) is traditionally used in ailments associated with liver and kidneys. The therapeutic benefit of the medicinal plants is often attributed to their antioxidant properties. Therefore, the aim of this study was to screen the hexane, dicholoromethane,(More)
Impairment of longitudinal growth among children with chronic renal failure (CRF) may be partly attributable to the inhibition of insulin-like growth factor (IGF) activity by an excess amount of high-affinity IGF-binding proteins (IGFBP). Elevated levels of immunoreactive IGFBP-4 in CRF serum are inversely correlated with the standardized heights of these(More)