Syam K. Venugopal

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OBJECTIVE To determine whether children with homozygous sickle cell (SS) disease and splenectomy are at greater risk of death, overwhelming septicemia, or other complications. METHODS A total of 130 patients with SS treated by splenectomy (46 recurrent acute splenic sequestration, 84 chronic hypersplenism) over a 22.5-year period at the Sickle Cell Clinic(More)
60 Jamaican children with homozygous sickle cell (SS) disease underwent splenectomy, 14 for prophylaxis against recurrent acute splenic sequestration and 46 for treatment of sustained hypersplenism. Age at operation varied from 9 months to 16 years. Patients were followed up for 1 month to 27 years (median 6 years), with a total of 369 years of(More)
Caecal biopsy specimens from Jamaican children with the Trichuris dysentery syndrome (TDS) and age matched Jamaican controls were investigated by immunohistochemistry and by light microscopy. Biopsy specimens from all children (with TDS and controls) showed a mild to moderate increase in inflammatory cells. Except in the vicinity of the worm, where the(More)
Chronic hypersplenism in homozygous sickle cell (SS) disease markedly increases haemolysis and the resulting erythropoietic expansion is likely to have a high metabolic cost. Splenectomy for hypersplenism in SS disease is followed by highly significant changes in haematological indices and an increase in height, but not weight, velocity. This pattern is(More)
The Rapunzel Syndrome, a rare manifestation of trichobezoar, occurs when bolus gastrointestinal obstruction is produced by an unusual trichobezoar with a long tail that extends to or beyond the ileocaecal valve. A five-year-old Jamaican girl presented with this abnormality and was found at laparotomy also to have an ileo-ileal intussusception. For the(More)
There are few data on mucosal immune responses to intestinal helminths in human beings, especially those involving the IgE system, which is thought to be important in parasite expulsion. We sought evidence of an immediate hypersensitivity reaction in the colon of children with chronic dysentery due to Trichuris trichiura. 28 children with Trichuris(More)
Two hundred and seventy-one cases of inguinal hernias and hydrocoeles in children treated at the University Hospital of the West Indies over a five-year period have been reviewed. The dominance of the boys and the right side is borne out. The younger infant has the highest risk of incarceration which is more common in boys and in right-sided hernias.(More)