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The incidences of acute respiratory tract infection (ARI) and acute lower respiratory infection (ALRI) were 6.1 and 0.5 per child-year, respectively, in children less than 5 years old in a depressed urban community in Manila. The peak age-specific incidence occurred in those children 6-23 months old for ARI and 6-11 months old for ALRI. Age less than 2(More)
UNLABELLED BACKGROUND; Infantile haemangioma (IH) is a tumour of the microvasculature composed predominantly of proliferating endothelial cells. It expresses markers associated with endothelial, haematopoietic and mesenchymal lineages. We have previously shown that the cells forming the capillary endothelium of proliferating IH express cell surface markers(More)
This paper reviews the role of mast cells in the development and progression of basal cell carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma and malignant melanoma. Mast cells accumulate around cutaneous malignancies. Current evidence suggests that mast cells contribute to the tumorigenesis of cutaneous malignancies through four mechanisms. (1) Immunosuppression:(More)
The responses of the plasma stress hormones corticotrophin (ACTH), vasopressin (AVP), cortisol and corticotrophin releasing hormone (CRH) have been studied in seven consecutive patients aged between 15 and 65 years who suffered from burns of 15-95% total body surface area. There was a distinct peak in AVP (up to 100 pmol/l) and ACTH levels well above the(More)
Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM), an aggressive tumor that typically exhibits treatment failure with high mortality rates, is associated with the presence of cancer stem cells (CSCs) within the tumor. CSCs possess the ability for perpetual self-renewal and proliferation, producing downstream progenitor cells that drive tumor growth. Studies of many cancer(More)
BACKGROUND Large oncosurgical defects of the cheek present a challenging reconstructive problem, especially when skin resections are combined with other procedures such as parotidectomy and/or neck dissection. METHODS We present our experience with the deep plane cervicofacial flap (DPCFF) for reconstructing zone 1 (n=7), zone 2 (n=6), and zone 3 (n=5)(More)
Isolated paralysis of the marginal mandibular branch of the facial nerve results in an asymmetrical smile with elevation of the lower lip on the affected side. We discuss the surgical options for its correction and present a series of 26 patients who underwent either botulinum toxin injection, anterior belly of digastric transfer or free extensor digitorum(More)
In 2008, propranolol was serendipitously observed to cause accelerated involution of infantile haemangioma. However, the mechanism by which it causes this dramatic effect is unknown, the dosage empirical and the optimal duration of treatment unexplored. This study determines the minimal dosage and duration of propranolol treatment to achieve accelerated(More)
AIMS Propranolol, now the preferred treatment for problematic proliferating infantile haemangioma (IH), at an empirical cardiovascular dosage of 2-3 mg/kg/day is associated with variable complication rates. A meta-analysis shows complications in 31% of patients at a mean dosage of 2.12 mg/kg/day. This study reports on the minimal dosage and duration of(More)
Several cellular and extracellular markers that distinguish the phases of the hemangioma life cycle have been described previously. However, details of the phenotypic changes of; the various cellular elements during hemangioma development have not been fully reported, and the extracellular matrix composition, especially in the vicinity of the proliferating(More)