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The study was conducted to estimate the direct maternity-care expense for women who recently delivered in South Delhi and to explore its sociodemographic associations. A survey was conducted using the two-stage cluster-randomized sampling technique. Two colonies each from high-, middle- and low-income areas were selected by simple random sampling, followed(More)
Planning of pregnancy and management of chronic hepatitis B virus during pregnancy includes recognition of maternal virological status, assessment of liver disease severity and minimization of risk for mother to infant transmission of infection. Decisions regarding the use of antivirals during pregnancy need to be individualized. Monitoring for infection(More)
The combination of chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection and pregnancy presents unique management questions. Aspects of care that need to be considered include effects of hepatitis B on pregnancy, effects of pregnancy itself on the course of hepatitis B infection, treatment of hepatitis B during pregnancy and prevention of mother-to-infant transmission.(More)
BACKGROUND Given the postulated advantages of mother generated index (MGI) in incorporating the patients' viewpoint and in the absence of a validated India specific postpartum quality of life assessment tool we proposed to evaluate the utility of an adapted Mother-Generated-Index in assessing postpartum quality of life (PQOL) in India. METHODS The study(More)
OBJECTIVE Autonomic dysfunction is common in patients with cirrhosis of the liver, but more so in patients with decompensated state, and is associated with increased mortality. We evaluated the presence and extent of autonomic dysfunction in patients with extrahepatic portal venous obstruction (EHPVO) and noncirrhotic portal fibrosis (NCPF), diseases with(More)
The study by Elefsiniotis et al, evaluated, spontaneous preterm birth rates and maternal-fetal transmission in a group of hepatitis B virus e antigen (HBeAg)-negative chronic HBV-infected pregnant women without known risk factors for preterm delivery (Eur J Intern Med 2011; 22:182–186). The authors evaluated 138 chronic HBVinfected pregnant women who(More)
HMM-ModE is a computational method that generates family specific profile HMMs using negative training sequences. The method optimizes the discrimination threshold using 10 fold cross validation and modifies the emission probabilities of profiles to reduce common fold based signals shared with other sub-families. The protocol depends on the program HMMER(More)
License Plate Recognition (LPR) system for vehicles is an innovative and a very challenging area for research due to the innumerous plate formats and the nonuniform outdoor illumination conditions during which images are acquired. Thus, most approaches developed, work under certain restrictions such as fixed illumination, stationary background and limited(More)
Cell division in bacteria is initiated by FtsZ, which forms a Z ring at the middle of the cell, between the nucleoids. The Z ring is stabilized by Z ring-associated proteins (Zaps), which crosslink the FtsZ filaments and provide strength. The deletion of Zaps leads to the elongation phenotype with an abnormal Z ring. The components of cell division in(More)
Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) is the causal agent of tuberculosis, the second largest infectious disease. With the rise of multi-drug resistant strains of M. tuberculosis, serious challenge lies ahead of us in treating the disease. The availability of complete genome sequence of Mtb has improved the scope for identifying new proteins that would not only(More)