Swati Prasad

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Binding to helix 12 of the ligand-binding domain of PPARgamma is required for full agonist activity. Previously, the degree of stabilization of the activation function 2 (AF-2) surface was thought to correlate with the degree of agonism and transactivation. To examine this mechanism, we probed structural dynamics of PPARgamma with agonists that induced(More)
Na(+) binding near the primary specificity pocket of thrombin promotes the procoagulant, prothrombotic, and signaling functions of the enzyme. The effect is mediated allosterically by a communication between the Na(+) site and regions involved in substrate recognition. Using a panel of 78 Ala mutants of thrombin, we have mapped the allosteric core of(More)
Monovalent-cation-activated enzymes are abundantly represented in plants and in the animal world. Most of these enzymes are specifically activated by K+, whereas a few of them show preferential activation by Na+. The monovalent cation specificity of these enzymes remains elusive in molecular terms and has not been reengineered by site-directed mutagenesis.(More)
The peroxidase activity of carboxymethylated cytochrome c (Cmcytc) has been investigated by spectroscopic and kinetic techniques to examine the effect of carboxymethylation on the peroxidase activity of native cytochrome c (cytc). The optical spectrum suggests that the reaction of Cmcytc with H(2)O(2) proceeds through only one intermediate, compound I. The(More)
Five stereochemically constrained analogs of the chemotactic tripeptide incorporating 1-aminocycloalkane-1-carboxylic acid (Ac(n)c) and alpha,alpha-dialkylglycines (Deg, diethylglycine; Dpg, n,n-dipropylglycine and Dbg, n,n-dibutylglycine) at position 2 have been synthesized. NMR studies of peptides For-Met-Xxx-Phe-OMe (Xxx=Ac(7)c, I; Ac(8)c, II; Deg, III;(More)
The conformational properties of alpha,alpha-dialkylated amino acid residues possessing acyclic (diethylglycine, Deg; di-n-propylglycine, Dpg; di-n-butylglycine, Dbg) and cyclic (1-aminocycloalkane-1-carboxylic acid, Acnc) side chains have been compared in solution. The five peptides studied by nmr and CD spectroscopy are Boc-Ala-Xxx-Ala-OMe, where Xxx =(More)
Highly conserved amino acids that form crucial structural elements of the catalytic apparatus can be used to account for the evolutionary history of serine proteases and the cascades into which they are organized. One such evolutionary marker in chymotrypsin-like proteases is Ser(214), located adjacent to the active site and forming part of the primary(More)
Residue Asp-189 plays an important dual role in thrombin: it defines the primary specificity for Arg side chains and participates indirectly in the coordination of Na(+). The former role is shared by other proteases with trypsin-like specificity, whereas the latter is unique to Na(+)-activated proteases in blood coagulation and the complement system.(More)
The binding of camphor to cytochrome P450(cam) has been investigated by steady-state and time-resolved tryptophan fluorescence spectroscopy to obtain information on the substrate access channel. The fluorescence quenching experiments show that some of the tryptophan residues undergo changes in their local environment on camphor binding. The time-resolved(More)
The role of protein structural flexibility and substrate dynamics in catalysis by cytochrome P450 enzymes is an area of current interest. We have addressed these in cytochrome P450(cam) (P450(cam)) and its Y96A mutant with camphor and its related compounds using fluorescence spectroscopy. Previously [Prasad et al. (2000) FEBS Lett. 477, 157-160], we(More)