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Gill arches and the gill rakers of a sluggish, carnivorous catfish, Rita rita, show significant differences of their surface ultrastructure, which are recognized adaptive modifications in relation to food and feeding ecology of fish. Gill rakers on the first and second pairs of gill arches are borne on the oral side and are long and stout at the(More)
The innate immune system of fish is considered first line of defense against a broad spectrum of pathogens. Being a component of innate immunity and lying at the interface between fish and the aqueous environment, skin mucus plays a frontier role in protecting fish from infections. In the present study, skin mucus of Cirrhinus mrigala, Labeo rohita, Catla(More)
Glycoproteins (GPs) were visualised histochemically in the secretory cells - the mucous goblet cells (the type A and the type B), the serous goblet cells, the club cells and the epithelial cells in the gill epithelium of Rita rita. The type A mucous goblet cells, the type B mucous goblet cells and the epithelial cells elaborate GPs with oxidizable vicinal(More)
The presence of cholinesterase (ChE) activity in skin mucus of three carps, Cirrhinus mrigala, Labeo rohita, and Catla catla and its applicability as biomarker of the organophosphorus insecticide exposure were investigated. Biochemical characterization, using specific substrates and inhibitors, indicated that measured esterase activity in skin mucus was(More)
Glycoproteins (GPs) elaborated by the buccal epithelium of the catfish, Rita rita, were analysed by a range of histochemical methods. These included methods for the characterization and simultaneous visualization of GPs with oxidizable vicinal diols, with O-acyl sugars, with O-sulphate esters and with sialic acid residues with and without O-acyl(More)
Shortness of breath is a common complaint encountered in both the ambulatory and acute care setting. In patients infected with the human immunodeficiency virus, dyspnea often heralds the onset of a potentially life-threatening opportunistic infection. We present a case of a rare cause of dyspnea in the general population and to our knowledge the first such(More)
The buccal cavity of an herbivorous fish, Cirrhinus mrigala, was investigated by scanning electron microscopy to determine its surface ultrastructure. The buccal cavity shows significant adaptive modifications in relation to food and feeding ecology of the fish. The buccal cavity of the fish is of modest size and limited capacity, which is considered an(More)
Glycoproteins were analyzed by a range of histochemical methods in the epithelium of gills of Cirrhinus mrigala, a valuable food fish of great economic importance cultured extensively in India. The gills consist of gill arches, gill rakers, gill filaments and secondary lamellae. Major components of the epithelium of gill arches and gill rakers are(More)
The perpetuation of healthy vision is paramount in an individual. It has been observed that various drug delivery systems are been fabricated to develop vision quality in individuals. Systemic ocular drug therapies have limited efficacy due to poor bioavailability, systemic and toxic side effects and low patient compliance. Various drug systems which follow(More)
In this study, healing of cutaneous wounds in Labeo rohita using scanning electron microscope is reported. Wound area could be divided into three regions. Immediately after infliction of wound, edges retract exposing underlying tissues in wound gap (Region I). Simultaneously, at region close to wound edge (Region II), mucous goblet cell openings are(More)