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The effect of electron irradiation-induced shrinking on glass nanocapillaries with diameters ranging from 75 to 14 nm was analyzed by measuring the conductance characteristics with and without DNA translocation. We have investigated nanocapillary shrinking with a scanning electron microscope from several perspectives to understand the geometry of the(More)
An efficient in vitro propagation method for a dye yielding medicinal herb, Oldenlandia umbellata L. was established using benzyl adenine and quercetin. Nodal segments cultured on agar gelled Murashige and Skoog medium supplemented with benzyl adenine (5.0 μM) and quercetin (5 μM), produced maximum explant response (100 %) and number of shoots (118.67).(More)
DNA origami structures are artificial molecular nanostructures in which DNA double helices are forced into a closely packed configuration by a multitude of DNA strand crossovers. We show that three different types of origami structures (a flat sheet, a hollow tube, and a compact origami block) can be formed in magnesium-free buffer solutions containing low(More)
DNA-based nanopores are synthetic biomolecular membrane pores, whose geometry and chemical functionality can be tuned using the tools of DNA nanotechnology, making them promising molecular devices for applications in single-molecule biosensing and synthetic biology. Here we introduce a large DNA membrane channel with an ≈4 nm diameter pore, which has stable(More)
droplet population is created. The robot even cleans itself between cycles, requiring no human intervention. Over twenty generations, the initially unstable droplets evolve into stable droplets exhibiting a range of behaviours including division, attraction and rapid vibration. Through statistical analysis, it is shown that the fitness of the system(More)
Hairy root cultures of Oldenlandia umbellata L. was established by infecting leaf explants with wild type Agrobacterium rhizogenes strain (MTCC 532). Leaf explants were co-cultured with activated bacteria in half strength Murashige and Skoog (MS) basal medium containing 500 mg l−1 ampicillin for the induction of hairy roots. To facilitate effective transfer(More)
Hydrogel beads as microcarriers could have many applications in biotechnology. However, bead formation by noncovalent cross-linking to achieve high cell compatibility by avoiding chemical reactions remains challenging because of rapid gelation rates and/or low stability. Here we report the preparation of homogeneous, tunable, and robust hydrogel beads from(More)
Somatic embryos were induced from internodal segment derived callus of Oldenlandia umbellata L., in MS medium supplemented with different concentrations of 2,4-Dichlorophenoxy acetic acid (2,4-D). Initially calli were developed from internodes of microshoots inoculated in 2.5 µM NAA supplemented medium. Then calli were transferred to 2,4-D added medium for(More)
The outer membrane of gram-negative bacteria constitutes an important hurdle for the transport of hydrophobic molecules into the cell. Mass flux is often facilitated by various outer membrane proteins. These proteins are of biotechnological importance because they could help to improve the performance of whole-cell biocatalysts or be incorporated into(More)