Swarnalatha Mukund

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The crystal structure of the tungsten-containing aldehyde ferredoxin oxidoreductase (AOR) from Pyrococcus furiosus, a hyperthermophilic archaeon (formerly archaebacterium) that grows optimally at 100 degrees C, has been determined at 2.3 angstrom resolution by means of multiple isomorphous replacement and multiple crystal form averaging. AOR consists of two(More)
The archaeon Pyrococcus furiosus grows optimally at 100 degrees C by the fermentation of carbohydrates to yield acetate, CO2, and H2. Cell-free extracts contain very low activity of the glycolytic enzyme, glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase, but extremely high activity of glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate ferredoxin oxidoreductase (GAPOR). GAPOR was purified(More)
The hyperthermophilic archaeon Pyrococcus furiosus grows optimally at 100(deg)C by the fermentation of peptides and carbohydrates. From this organism, we have purified to homogeneity an intracellular protease, previously designated PfpI (P. furiosus protease I) (S. B. Halio, I. I. Blumentals, S. A. Short, B. M. Merrill, and R. M. Kelly, J. Bacteriol.(More)
Thermococcus litoralis is a strictly anaerobic archaeon (archaebacterium) that grows at temperatures up to 98 degrees C by fermenting peptides. Its growth is stimulated by tungsten, and a tungsten-containing iron-sulfur protein that has formaldehyde ferredoxin oxidoreductase (FOR) activity has been purified. FOR is a homotetramer with a subunit M(r) of(More)
The hyperthermophilic Archaea represent some of the most ancient organisms on earth. A study of enzymatic cofactors in these organisms could provide basic information on the origins of related cofactors in man and other more recently evolved organisms. To this end, the nature of the tungsten cofactor in aldehyde ferredoxin oxidoreductases from Pyrococcus(More)
The anaerobic archaebacterium, Pyrococcus furiosus, grows optimally at 100 degrees C by a fermentative-type metabolism in which H2, CO2, and organic acids are end products. The growth of this organism is stimulated by tungsten, and, from it, a novel, red-colored, tungsten-iron-sulfur protein, abbreviated RTP, has been purified (Mukund, S., and Adams, M. W.(More)
The archaebacterium, Pyrococcus furiosus, is a strict anaerobe that grows optimally at 100 degrees C by a fermentative-type metabolism in which H2 and CO2 are the only detectable products. Tungsten is known to stimulate the growth of this organism. A red-colored tungsten-containing protein (abbreviated RTP) that is redox-active and extremely thermostable(More)
Dog zona pellucida glycoprotein 2 (dZP2), excluding the N-terminal signal sequence and the C-terminal transmembrane-like domain, was cloned and expressed as a polyhistidine fusion protein in Escherichia coli to evaluate the immunocontraceptive efficacy of ZP glycoproteins. The recombinant dZP2 (rec-dZP2) revealed a 70 kDa band corresponding to the full(More)
Pyrococcus furiosus is a hyperthermophilic archaeon which grows optimally near 100 degreesC by fermenting peptides and sugars to produce organic acids, CO2, and H2. Its growth requires tungsten, and two different tungsten-containing enzymes, aldehyde ferredoxin oxidoreductase (AOR) and glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate ferredoxin oxidoreductase (GAPOR), have been(More)
A ferredoxin has been purified from one of the most ancient and most thermophilic bacteria known, Thermotoga maritima, which grows up to 90 degrees C. The reduced protein (M(r) approx. 6300) contains a single S = 1/2 [4Fe-4S]1+ cluster with complete cysteinyl ligation, and was unaffected after incubation at 95 degrees C for 12 h. It functioned as an(More)