Swapnil Karnik

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G protein-coupled receptors are thought to isomerize between distinct inactive and active conformations, an idea supported by receptor mutations that induce constitutive (agonist-independent) activation. The agonist-promoted active state initiates signaling and, presumably, is then phosphorylated and internalized to terminate the signal. In this study, we(More)
Deregulation of signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT)-3 signaling plays crucial role in oncogenesis of various cancers. However, the molecular mechanism by which osteopontin (OPN), a chemokine-like extracellular matrix-associated protein, regulates STAT3 activation that leads to tumor progression and inhibits apoptosis in breast cancer(More)
Hypoxia is a salient feature of most solid tumors, and hypoxic adaptation of cancer cells has crucial implications in propagation of malignant clonal cell population. Osteopontin (OPN) has been identified as a hypoxia-responsive gene, but the mechanistic and regulatory role of OPN under hypoxia is less characterized. The present study identifies the(More)
p38 kinases activated by growth factors, hormones, and environmental stresses exert diverse functions in regulating normal and malignant cell pathophysiology. Enhanced levels of activated p38 isoforms have been linked with poor prognosis in breast cancer, although the mechanistic basis for this association is poorly understood. In this study, we report that(More)
Breast cancer is one of the most common malignant tumors among females worldwide and remains a leading cause of cancer-related mortality. Due to the heterogeneous clinical nature of breast cancer, it is necessary to identify new biomarkers that are associated with tumor growth, angiogenesis and metastasis. Osteopontin (OPN) and cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) are(More)
AIMS Immunohistochemistry (IHC) is known to aid in the diagnosis of Hodgkin's lymphoma (HL). We studied HL using an antibody panel for Reed-Sternberg cells (RSCs) to find which antibody would be most useful for identification of RSCs. We also studied the association of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) latent membrane protein-1 (LMP-1) with HL in South India. (More)
The regulation of MUC2, a major goblet cell mucin gene, was examined by constructing transgenic mice containing bases -2864 to +17 of the human MUC2 5'-flanking region fused into the 5'-untranslated region of a human growth hormone (hGH) reporter gene. Four of eight transgenic lines expressed reporter. hGH message expression was highest in the distal small(More)
Semaphorin 3A (Sema 3A), a member of semaphorin family, serves as a guidance clue during embryonic development and is known as a candidate tumor suppressor that attenuates breast tumor progression by binding with its co-receptor, neuropilin-1 (NRP-1). However, the underlying mechanism by which Sema 3A suppresses breast tumor growth is still unexplored. In(More)
BACKGROUND Surgical manipulation of the intestine results in generation of oxygen free radicals leading to mucosal damage as evidenced by ultrastructural and biochemical changes. It is likely that the gut-derived mediators can bring about damage to distant organs such as the lung. METHODS Surgical manipulation of the gut was performed by opening the(More)
Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is the most malignant form of brain tumor and is associated with resistance to conventional therapy and poor patient survival. Prostate apoptosis response (Par)-4, a tumor suppressor, is expressed as both an intracellular and secretory/extracellular protein. Though secretory Par-4 induces apoptosis in cancer cells, its(More)