Swapan K. Nath

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Recent genome-wide association (GWA) studies have identified several unsuspected genes associated with type 2 diabetes (T2D) with previously unknown functions. In this investigation, we have examined the role of 9 most significant SNPs reported in GWA studies: [peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma 2 (PPARG2; rs 1801282); insulin-like growth(More)
Schizophrenia is a common disorder characterized by psychotic symptoms; diagnostic criteria have been established. Family, twin and adoption studies suggest that both genetic and environmental factors influence susceptibility (heritability is approximately 71%; ref. 2), however, little is known about the aetiology of schizophrenia. Clinical and family(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess whether combined evidence shows the association between the protein tyrosine phosphatase non-receptor 22 (PTPN22) C1858T polymorphism and autoimmune diseases, and to summarize the effect size of the polymorphism associated with susceptibility of autoimmune diseases. METHODS We surveyed studies on the PTPN22 C1858T polymorphism and(More)
We identified and replicated an association between ITGAM (CD11b) at 16p11.2 and risk of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) in 3,818 individuals of European descent. The strongest association was at a nonsynonymous SNP, rs1143679 (P = 1.7 × 10−17, odds ratio = 1.78). We further replicated this association in two independent samples of individuals of African(More)
OBJECTIVE Interleukin-21 (IL-21) is a member of the type I cytokine superfamily that has a variety of effects on the immune system, including B cell activation, plasma cell differentiation, and immunoglobulin production. The expression of IL-21 receptor (IL-21R) is reduced in the B cells of patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), while serum IL-21(More)
Alleles of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) gene have been inconsistently associated with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), particularly the 308-A/G functional promoter polymorphism. To generate large-scale evidence on whether 308-A/G promoter polymorphism is associated with SLE susceptibility we have conducted a meta-analysis. We have identified(More)
PURPOSE Keratoconus (KTCN) is a noninflammatory thinning and anterior protrusion of the cornea that results in steepening and distortion of the cornea, altered refractive powers, and reduced visual acuity. Several loci responsible for a familial form of KTCN have been mapped, however; no mutations in any genes have been identified for any of these loci.(More)
OBJECTIVE Although the number of convincingly established genetic associations with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) has increased sharply over the last few years, refinement of these associations is required, and their potential roles in gene-gene interactions need to be further investigated. Recent genome-wide association studies (GWAS) in SLE have(More)
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a predominantly female autoimmune disease that affects multiple organ systems. Herein, we report on an X-chromosome gene association with SLE. Methyl-CpG-binding protein 2 (MECP2) is located on chromosome Xq28 and encodes for a protein that plays a critical role in epigenetic transcriptional regulation of(More)
A number of studies have tested the association of the complement receptor 1 (CR1) and Interleukin-10 (IL10) polymorphisms with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), but reported conflicting results. The aim of the study is to explore whether the CR1 and IL10 genes are associated with SLE susceptibility. We surveyed studies on the CR1 and IL10 polymorphisms(More)