Swanbrow Becker

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Human alveolar macrophages (AMO) have been investigated for their ability to produce three monokines, tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF), macrophage colony stimulating factor (CSF-1), and interleukin 1-beta (IL-1). No TNF activity was found in supernatants of unstimulated AMO cultured for 20 h, although TNF mRNA was detected in the cells by Northern blot(More)
Acute pulmonary epithelial injury produced by short-term exposure to ozone varies by site within the tracheobronchial tree. To test whether this variability is related to the local dose of ozone at the tissue site or to local concentrations of glutathione, we exposed adult male rhesus monkeys for 2 h to filtered air or to 0.4 or 1.0 ppm ozone generated from(More)
Ozone (O3) exposure in vivo has been reported to degrade arachidonic acid (AA) in the lungs of rodents. The O3-degraded AA products may play a role in the responses to this toxicant. To study the chemical nature and biological activity of O3-exposed AA, we exposed AA in a cell-free, aqueous environment to air, 0.1 ppm O3, or 1.0 ppm O3 for 30-120 min. AA(More)
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We tested the hypothesis that exposure of healthy volunteers to concentrated ambient air particles (CAPS) between 0.1 and 2.5 microm in diameter is associated with modulation of human alveolar macrophage (AM) function, cytokine production, and immune phenotype in both blood and lung. Thirty-eight volunteers were exposed to either filtered air or CAPS from(More)
Repeated inhalation of silica dust can lead to inflammation and fibrosis in human lung and in experimental animal models. The alveolar macrophage is believed to play a pivotal role in this process. Numerous macrophage-derived growth factors, cytokines, and arachidonic acid metabolites have been shown to contribute to inflammation and fibrosis. The objective(More)
Last year Swan et al. (1) published a reanalysis of data from 61 studies originally compiled and analyzed by Carlsen et al. (2). Just prior to the appearance of the Swan et al. artide, we published a reanalysis in another journal (3). Regional differences were considered in both reanalyses, but we examined only the effect ofyear in the final models(More)
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