Svetlana V. Scherbik

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Inbred mouse strains exhibit significant differences in their susceptibility to viruses in the genus Flavivirus, which includes human pathogens such as yellow fever, Dengue, and West Nile virus. A single gene, designated Flv, confers this differential susceptibility and was mapped previously to a region of mouse chromosome 5. A positional cloning strategy(More)
Although lineage I West Nile virus (WNV) strain Eg101 induced beta interferon (IFN-beta) production as early as 12 h after infection in primary mouse embryo fibroblasts and did not inhibit the JAK-STAT signaling pathway, it was still able to replicate efficiently. To gain insights about possible viral countermeasures used by this virus to suppress the host(More)
Alleles at the Flv locus determine disease outcome after a flavivirus infection in mice. Although comparable numbers of congenic resistant and susceptible mouse embryo fibroblasts (MEFs) are infected by the flavivirus West Nile virus (WNV), resistant MEFs produce approximately 100- to 150-fold lower titers than susceptible ones and flavivirus titers in the(More)
Multiple 2′-5′ oligoadenylate (2-5A) synthetases are important components of innate immunity in mammals. Gene families encoding these proteins have previously been studied mainly in humans and mice. To reconstruct the evolution of this gene family in mammals, a search for additional 2-5A synthetase genes was performed in rat, cattle, pig, and dog. Twelve(More)
dsRNA-activated protein kinase (PKR) is activated by viral dsRNAs and phosphorylates eIF2a reducing translation of host and viral mRNA. Although infection with a chimeric West Nile virus (WNV) efficiently induced PKR and eIF2a phosphorylation, infections with natural lineage 1 or 2 strains did not. Investigation of the mechanism of suppression showed that(More)
West Nile virus (WNV) infection leads to rapid and sustained Ca(2+) influx. This influx was observed with different strains of WNV and in different types of cells. Entry during virion endocytosis as well as through calcium channels contributed to the Ca(2+) influx observed in WNV-infected cells. Ca(2+) influx was not detected after infection with vesicular(More)
Exon 1 of globin gene ct-13RT in clone lambdagb2-1 from Chironomus thummi contains a 444nt SINE (CTRT1). Based on in situ hybridization to polytene salivary gland chromosomes, C. thummi (ct), C. piger (cp) and C. tentans (ctn) contain copies of CTRT1 at multiple chromosomal loci. Genomic PCR amplifications reveal interrupted (ct-13RT) and uninterrupted(More)
A cDNA library from salivary gland cells of Chironomus tentans was screened with a probe containing the NLRCth1 non-LTR (long terminal repeat) retrotransposon from Chironomus thummi. Several positive clones were obtained and one of them, p62, was characterized by in situ hybridization and sequencing. The sequencing analysis showed that this clone contained(More)
A 2.3-kb genomic clone has been isolated from the region where the tissue-specific puff, Balbiani ring a (BRa), is found on chromosome IV of the special lobe of Chironomus thummi salivary gland cells. The clone was characterized by nucleotide sequence analysis. Two clusters of direct tandem repeats were identified, as well as large and small open reading(More)
Resistance to flavivirus-induced disease in mice is conferred by the autosomal gene Flv, identified as 2'-5' oligoadenylate synthetase 1b (Oas1b). Resistant mice express a full-length Oas1b protein while susceptible mice express the truncated Oas1btr. In this study, Oas1b was shown to be an inactive synthetase. Although the Oas/RNase L pathway was(More)