Svetlana V. Kyosseva

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The mechanism by which cells respond to extracellular stimuli involves a series of signal transduction events across the cell membrane and through the cytoplasm to the nucleus. Mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinases are important mediators of signal transduction and play a key role in the regulation of many cellular processes, such as cell growth and(More)
BACKGROUND Mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) are important mediators of signal transduction from the cell surface to the nucleus and have been implicated in the integration of a variety of physiologic processes in most cells, including neurons. To investigate the possible involvement of MAPKs in schizophrenia, we compared the levels of the MAPK(More)
Despite a growing body of evidence demonstrating that mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase pathways play an important physiological role in the CNS, little is known about their role and function in various mental disorders including schizophrenia. Our previous studies have shown increased expression of several intermediates of the extracellular(More)
BACKGROUND We investigated the levels of transcription factors associated with activation of the mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase pathway in schizophrenics using postmortem brain samples. These studies were done to determine whether our previous findings of abnormal levels of the MAP kinases in the cerebellar vermis were linked to additional(More)
We have previously demonstrated elevation of the extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) pathway in the cerebellum from patients with schizophrenia, an illness that may involve dysfunction of the N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor. Since the NMDA antagonist, phencyclidine (PCP), produces schizophrenic-like symptoms in humans, and abnormal behavior in(More)
Recent postmortem and functional imaging studies have revealed that cerebellar abnormalities may play a role in the pathophysiology of schizophrenia. Cerebellum is a part of the cortical-subcortical-cerebellar circuitry that is involved in higher cognitive functions. Deficits in cognition, including information, executive functions, attention, emotion, and(More)
In the cerebellar vermis of schizophrenic patients, our previous studies have revealed alterations in the mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase signaling cascade and downstream transcription factors within the c-fos promoter. Since the proteins of the Fos and Jun families of immediate-early genes dimerize to form activating protein (AP)-1, the present(More)
Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a major cause of irreversible blindness affecting elderly people in the world. AMD is a complex multifactorial disease associated with demographic, genetics, and environmental risk factors. It is well established that oxidative stress, inflammation, and apoptosis play critical roles in the pathogenesis of AMD. The(More)
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