Svetlana V. Komarova

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Bone metastases are a frequent complication of many cancers that result in severe disease burden and pain. Since the late nineteenth century, it has been thought that the microenvironment of the local host tissue actively participates in the propensity of certain cancers to metastasize to specific organs, and that bone provides an especially fertile 'soil'.(More)
Bone remodeling occurs asynchronously at multiple sites in the adult skeleton and involves resorption by osteoclasts, followed by formation of new bone by osteoblasts. Disruptions in bone remodeling contribute to the pathogenesis of disorders such as osteoporosis, osteoarthritis, and Paget's disease. Interactions among cells of osteoblast and osteoclast(More)
Natural and genetically modified oncolytic viruses have been systematically tested as anticancer therapeutics. Among this group, conditionally replicative adenoviruses have been developed for a broad range of tumors with a rapid transition to clinical settings. Unfortunately, clinical trials have shown limited antitumor efficacy partly due to insufficient(More)
During bone remodeling, bone-resorbing osteoclasts and bone-forming osteoblasts are organized in bone multicellular units (BMUs), which travel at a rate of 20-40 mum/d for 6-12 mo, maintaining a cylindrical structure. However, the interplay of local BMU geometry with biochemical regulation is poorly understood. We developed a mathematical model of BMU(More)
To restore falling plasma calcium levels, PTH promotes calcium liberation from bone. PTH targets bone-forming cells, osteoblasts, to increase expression of the cytokine receptor activator of nuclear factor kappaB ligand (RANKL), which then stimulates osteoclastic bone resorption. Intriguingly, whereas continuous administration of PTH decreases bone mass,(More)
RANK ligand (RANKL) induces activation of NFkappaB, enhancing the formation, resorptive activity, and survival of osteoclasts. Ca(2+) transduces many signaling events, however, it is not known whether the actions of RANKL involve Ca(2+) signaling. We investigated the effects of RANKL on rat osteoclasts using microspectrofluorimetry and patch clamp. RANKL(More)
The Src substrate associated in mitosis of 68 kDa (Sam68) is a KH-type RNA binding protein that has been shown to regulate several aspects of RNA metabolism; however, its physiologic role has remained elusive. Herein we report the generation of Sam68-null mice by homologous recombination. Aged Sam68-/- mice preserved their bone mass, in sharp contrast with(More)
The mechanical properties of vertebrate bone are largely determined by a process which involves the complex interplay of three different cell types. This process is called bone remodeling, and occurs asynchronously at multiple sites in the mature skeleton. The cells involved are bone resorbing osteoclasts, bone matrix producing osteoblasts and(More)
Sjogren's syndrome and radiotherapy for head and neck cancers result in irreversible damage to functional salivary tissue, for which no adequate treatment is available. The microenvironment for salivary gland cell cytodifferentiation is critical for the future development of salivary gland regeneration, repair and tissue engineering treatments. Results from(More)
Although conceptual and experimental models are historically well incorporated in bone biology studies, mathematical modeling has been much less-frequently utilized. This review aims to introduce mathematical modeling to readers who are not familiar with the concept underlying this methodology, to outline how mathematical models can help to improve current(More)