Svetlana R. Apostolovic

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Chronic heart failure (CHF) is a widespread disease with severe quality of life impairment and a poor prognosis. Beta-blockers are the mainstay of CHF therapy; yet they are under-prescribed and under-dosed in clinical practice. This is particularly evident in elderly patients, which may be due to a fear of side-effects or intolerance. Beta-blockers have(More)
The aim of the study was to develop a population pharmacokinetic (PK) model for clearance of bisoprolol in patients with congestive heart failure (CHF). Parameters associated with the plasma concentrations of bisoprolol at steady-state were analyzed in 61 patients (mean age 66.21 ± 9.49 years; mean total body weight 8.90 ± 12.26 kg) with CHF using(More)
AIMS We aimed to evaluate the incremental value of high-sensitive troponin T (hsTnT) for risk prediction prior to non-cardiac surgery in comparison with the established revised cardiac index. METHODS AND RESULTS In this prospective, international multicentre observational study, 979 patients prior to non-cardiac surgery were enrolled. The endpoints were(More)
The aim of this study was to derive population pharmacokinetic (PK) model for clearance (CL) of carvedilol in adult patients with chronic heart failure (CHF). Medication and demographic data were obtained from 52 Caucasian patients with CHF taking carvedilol. Population PK analysis was performed by nonlinear mixed-effects modeling (NONMEM) to estimate and(More)
BACKGROUND/AIM Chronic heart failure (CHF) is highly prevalent and constitutes an important public health problem around the world. In spite of a large number of pharmacological agents that successfully decrease mortality in CHF, the effects on exercise tolerance and quality of life are modest. Renal dysfunction is extremely common in patients with CHF and(More)
AIMS Various beta-blockers with distinct pharmacological profiles are approved in heart failure, yet they remain underused and underdosed. Although potentially of major public health importance, whether one agent is superior in terms of tolerability and optimal dosing has not been investigated. The aim of this study was therefore to compare the tolerability(More)
AIMS Beta-blockers (BBs) improve outcomes in heart failure. Results from the Cardiac Insufficiency Bisoprolol Study in Elderly (CIBIS-ELD) trial previously demonstrated the feasibility of heart rate, not maximum dose, as a treatment goal. In this pre-specified analysis, we investigated the prognostic value of achieved heart rate after BB optimization on(More)
INTRODUCTION Stress hyperglycemia (SH) in STEMI is associated with high risk of in-hospital mortality. It is still controversial if SH is marker of high post-hospital risk. OBJECTIVES The aim was to analyze in-hospital and one-year risk associated with SH in STEMI and to study if SH is marker of LV remodeling. METHODS We enrolled 275 patients who were(More)
OBJECTIVE Little is known about parameters that lead to improvement in QoL in individual patients. We analysed the data of the Cardiac Insufficiency Bisoprolol Study in Elderly (CIBIS-ELD) in order to answer the question of how and to what extent change in health-related QoL during up-titration with bisoprolol vs. carvedilol is influenced by clinical and(More)
This pharmacogenetic substudy of the prospective, double-blind, randomized CIBIS-ELD trial determined the impact of the β1-adrenoceptor Arg189Gly polymorphism on heart-rate responses to bisoprolol or carvedilol in elderly patients with heart failure (421 with sinus rhythm, 107 with atrial fibrillation). Patients were randomized 1:1 to bisoprolol or(More)